Information for record number MWA330:
Medieval Castle at Castle Yard, Fillongley.

Summary The remains of a Medieval castle survive as an earthwork with traces of a masonry building. The site is known as castle Yard and is situated 300m south west of Fillongley.
What Is It?  
Type: Castle, Ringwork, Tower House, Earthwork
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Fillongley
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 27 86
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached

 
Description

 
Source Number  

2 Earthworks on a site known as the 'Castle Yard' comprising a low mount (or keep) with a courtyard to the S; the whole being surrounded by a moat. On the S of the 'court' are the remains of a rampart, and on the summit of the mount are masonry fragments. The Castle was occupied by the Hastings family in the reign of Henry I and afterwards became their chief residence in Warwickshire.
3 Banks and ditches are well marked. More or less in the centre is a patch of higher ground on which is a block of masonry about 2.6 by 1.96m standing about 1.96m out of the ground. This was obviously the corner of a rectangular building. Against this but under the ground remains of a circular staircase have been found. Other traces of fallen masonry are scattered about. To the NE is a triangular area, with a ditch, probably the moat proper. Traces of paving and a well have been found. It is known that licence to crenellate was given in 1300.
4 Remains of a ring Castle with outer bailey. The work itself must have been quite strong but its marshy, waterlogged area is definitely weak.
5 Ministry of Works/DoE AM 7
6 SAM County Index.
7 In 1987 when the site was visited, preservation of the monument was fairly good other than some soil slippage and erosion from water channels.
8 Rescheduled as SAM 21573.
9 Market charter granted for Mondays to John de Hastinges on 2nd February 1301 by Edward I. To be held at Manor fair charter vigil feast morrow +2 Nativity of John the Baptist (24th June) granted 2nd February by Edward I to John de Hastinges. To be held at Manor.
10 The moat was observed to be water logged, and the upstanding masonry clearly visible.
11 Correspondence from 1977 relating to the additional area.
12 Correspondence relating to a planning application.
13 An extension of the area scheduled in 1950, to include Earthworks more numerous and complex than those marked by the Ordnance Survey.
14 Plan from 1976.
15 Letter from 1997 about coal extraction in the vicinity.
16 Covering letter from the DoE.
 
Sources

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 1, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Doubleday H A & Page W (eds)
Date: 1904
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1
   
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS vol 67
Author/originator: Chatwin P B
Date: 1947
Page Number: 25-6
Volume/Sheet: 67
   
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Antiquities of Warwickshire
Author/originator: Dugdale W
Date: 1730
Page Number: 1056
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 11
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Fillongley Castle Yard
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 15
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Fillongley Castle
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 16
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Fillongley Castle
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1982
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 12
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Fillongley, Castle Farm Ancient Steps
Author/originator: Dr Martine ?
Date: 2002
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 7
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: Warwickshire Monuments Evaluation and Presentation Project
Author/originator: Baker H
Date: 1987
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey Form
   
Source No: 9
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516 (Warwickshire)
Author/originator: Institute of Historical Research (CMH)
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwickshire
   
Source No: 14
Source Type: Plan
Title: Fillongley Castle Yard
Author/originator:
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 05NE29
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1981
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 05NE29
   
Source No: 6
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Fillongley Castle Yard (additional area)
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 13
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Fillongley Castle Yard (Additional Area)
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 8
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM list 1995
Author/originator: English Heritage
Date: 1995
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Fillongley Castle Yard
Author/originator: Ministry of Works/DoE
Date:
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 10
Source Type: Site Visit
Title: Visit to the motte and bailey castles at Fillongley
Author/originator: Ed Wilson
Date: 2003
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Images:  
Castle Yard Castle near Fillongley on the 1887 Ordnance Survey map
Copyright: Open
Date: 1887
Click here for larger image  
 
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Glossary

 
Word or Phrase
Description  
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
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source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument RINGWORK * A defensive bank and ditch, circular or oval in plan, surrounding one or more buildings. back
monument YARD * A paved area, generally found at the back of a house. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument KEEP * The major tower of a fortification, often acting as its last defence. back
monument MARKET * An open space or covered building in which cattle, goods, etc, are displayed for sale. back
monument FAIR * A site where a periodical gathering of buyers, sellers and entertainers, meet at a time ordained by charter or statute or by ancient custom. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument MOAT * A wide ditch surrounding a building, usually filled with water. Use for moated sites, not defensive moats. Use with relevant site type where known, eg. MANOR HOUSE, GARDEN, etc. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument COURTYARD * An uncovered area, surrounded or partially surrounded by buildings. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument MOTTE AND BAILEY * An early form of castle consisting of a flat-top steep-sided earthen mound, supporting a wooden tower, and a bailey. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument WATER CHANNEL * An artificial watercourse for the conveyance of water. back
monument TOWER HOUSE * A multi-storey, fortified hall house with one of the crosswings being raised in the form of a crenellated tower. Permanently occupied, they date from the mid 14th to the 17th century and are found mainly in the border counties of the North of England. back
monument MARSH * A low lying area of land that is usually waterlogged at all times and is flooded in wet weather. back
monument BAILEY * The courtyard of a castle, ie. the area enclosed by the rampart or curtain. Use with wider site type where known. back
monument STEPS * A series of flat-topped structures, usually made of stone or wood, used to facilitate a person's movement from one level to another. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument WORKS * Usually a complex of buildings for the processing of raw materials. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record