Information for record number MWA120:
Site of Middleton Park

Summary The site of a deer park in which deer were kept for hunting. It was Medieval in date and situated to the north and south of Middleton Hall. Recommended for inclusion on the Register by Lovie.
What Is It?  
Type: Deer Park, Garden, Patte D'Oie
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Middleton
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 19 98
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Philip Marmion constructed a deerleap here in the 13th century.
2 Leland records a park in his Itinerary which belonged to Sir John Willoughby. This park is marked by Dugdale and Speed, but is now probably disparked.
3 Middleton park is marked by Dugdale and Speed. It was extant in 1247 when it was recorded as being enclosed by a deer leap which was built by Philip Marmion. The park exists now in name only. No pale remains.
6Lovie reported a park with remnants of avenues, lake, plantations, formal gardens and kitchen garden.
7 A feature evident on aerial photographs within the park may date to the 17th century. It consists of a very clearly defined circular ditch with linear ditches radiating from it. This is reminiscent of park landscaping originating in the reign of Charles II, which featured rides and vistas that were developed from French woodland Allée’s by the Mollet family. These Patte d’oie, named from their likeness to a goosefoot, can be seen in illustrations of other country houses such as Badminton Hall. There is a case for suggesting that the central circular feature is a Victorian Tree Circle, which would account for the clarity of the crop-marks, and the small dark circular soil marks present seem to correspond with the trees shown on the first edition OS map.

Source No: 4
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Register Review Data Tables (North Warwickshire, Nuneaton & Bedworth, Rugby)
Author/originator: Lovie, Jonathan
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Register Review Report & Recommendations
Author/originator: Lovie, Jonathan
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Register Review Report & Recommendations
Author/originator: Lovie, Jonathan
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Deer Parks
Author/originator: Shirley, E
Date: 1867
Page Number: 161
Volume/Sheet: Deer Parks
Source No: 3
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 29NE1
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1967
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 29NE1
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 2
Author/originator: de Hamel E
Date: 1901
Page Number: 16-28
Volume/Sheet: 2
Source No: 7
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Archaeological Resource Assessment of the Aggregates Producing Areas of Warwickshire
Author/originator: Magnus Alexander with S Palmer and L Chadd
Date: 2007
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument COUNTRY HOUSE * The rural residence of a country gentleman. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument KITCHEN GARDEN * A private garden established primarily for growing vegetables and herbs for domestic consumption. back
monument LAKE * A large body of water surrounded by land. back
monument DEER PARK * A large park for keeping deer. In medieval times the prime purpose was for hunting. back
monument FORMAL GARDEN * A garden of regular, linear or geometrical design, often associated with the traditional Italian, French and Dutch styles. back
monument PARK * An enclosed piece of land, generally large in area, used for hunting, the cultivation of trees, for grazing sheep and cattle or visual enjoyment. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument DEER LEAP * Bank to let deer cross ditches, fences or roads, into, but not out of, a deer park. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument RIDE * A road or way for riding on horseback within a park or estate. back
monument PLANTATION * A group of planted trees or shrubs, generally of uniform age and of a single species. back
monument PATTE D'OIE * A garden featrue where several allees radiate from a single point (usually the house). French for 'Goose Foot' back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record