Information for record number MWA12292:
Ridge and furrow ploughing in Brandon and Bretford Parish

Summary Ridge and furrow can be seen as cropmarks on aerial photographs to the east of Bretford
What Is It?  
Type: Ridge And Furrow
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Brandon and Bretford
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 43 77
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

4 Ridge and furrow seen as cropmarks on aerial photographs to the east of Bretford was mapped as part of the English Heritage National Mapping Project.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: RAF 106G UK 1539 Frame 4100
Author/originator: RAF
Date: 23/5/1947
Page Number: Frame 4100
Volume/Sheet: RAF 106G UK 1539
Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP4377 Frame 36
Author/originator: J Pickering
Date: 1964
Page Number: Frame 36
Volume/Sheet: SP4377
Source No: 3
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP4377 Frame 44
Author/originator: J Pickering
Date: 5/7/1975
Page Number: Frame 44
Volume/Sheet: SP4377
Source No: 4
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP4376 Frame 48
Author/originator: CUCAP
Date: 23/7/1958
Page Number: Frame 48
Volume/Sheet: SP4376
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Word or Phrase
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record