Information for record number MWA12335:
Ditches and Banks near Kingley Farm

Summary Ditches and banks are visible on aerial photographs immeadiately to the north east of Kingley Farm, Wixford.
What Is It?  
Type: Ditch, Plough Headland, Hollow Way
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Arrow
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 08 55
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Ditches and banks visible on aerial photographs immediately to the north east of Kingley Farm, Wixford were mapped as part of the English Heritage National Mapping Project.
2 The banks appear to be headlands associated with medieval ploughing. The Ditches nearest to Kingley Farm are probably surface water drains. The wider Ditches nearer to the road may be a holloway that may mark the route of an earlier road.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: OS 95 239 Frame 34
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 23/09/1995
Page Number: Frame 34
Volume/Sheet: OS 95 239
Source No: 2
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Personal Comment
Author/originator: L Chadd
Date: 2008
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Pers Com
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Word or Phrase
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument DRAIN * An artificial channel for draining water or carrying it off. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument PLOUGH HEADLAND * A narrow strip of land where a plough and team could turn. This usually remains higher than the ploughed land. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record