Information for record number MWA1642:
Possible Deserted Medieval Settlement at Glebe Farm

Summary The site of a Medieval deserted settlement. The remains of house platforms and a hollow way are visible as earthworks. An excavation of part of the site uncovered the evidence for timber buildings. The site is located 400m south east of the church in Long Itchington.
What Is It?  
Type: Deserted Settlement, House Platform, Hollow Way
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Long Itchington
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 41 65
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The Home Close of Glebe Farm shows features which may be Medieval. A hollow way runs down the hill, from a large platform to the Cuttle Brook. The platform indicates that Glebe Farm was once a very much larger complex of buildings. A sunken hollow may once have been a fishpond, but is now being filled in with builders' rubbish. Other lanes are visible.
2 Plan.
3 The brook was scoured and land drains laid in the field in Autumn 1977. The land drains missed most of the dominant features, but building stone was brought to the surface near Glebe Farmhouse. No pottery was observed.
4 Here the earthworks are rather poor, and seem to represent the contraction of Glebe Farm from a courtyard type Farm to its present form, and also the desertion of at least five crofts, representing the loss of at least twenty people.
5 Part of this site was evaluated (WA 5747) in 1992. The extensive Medieval settlement comprised wooden buildings with rough rubble surfaces dating to the 12th and 13th centuries.

Source No: 4
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Long Itchington
Author/originator: Wilson P R
Date: 1979
Page Number: 35
Volume/Sheet: Long Itchington
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: Depopulation in Long Itchington
Author/originator: Usher, H.
Date: 1974
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 20
Author/originator: Usher, H.
Date: 1977
Page Number: 88
Volume/Sheet: 20
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Depopulation in Long Itchington
Author/originator: Usher, H.
Date: 1974
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument HOLLOW * A hollow, concave formation or place, which has sometimes been dug out. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FISHPOND * A pond used for the rearing, breeding, sorting and storing of fish. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FARMHOUSE * The main dwelling-house of a farm, it can be either detached from or attached to the working buildings. back
monument DRAIN * An artificial channel for draining water or carrying it off. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument COURTYARD * An uncovered area, surrounded or partially surrounded by buildings. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument PLATFORM * Unspecified. Use specific type where known. back
monument CROFT * An enclosed piece of land adjoining a house. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record