Information for record number MWA1807:
Garden (16th/17thC?) or cultivation terraces at Manor Farm, Luddington.

Summary The site of possible cultivation terraces which are of Medieval and Post Medieval date. The terraces face south and were possibly used to grow grapevines. OR this could be the garden of the Manor House in the 16th/17th century. They are located 200m north of the church, Luddington.
What Is It?  
Type: Cultivation Terrace, Garden
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Luddington
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 16 52
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 A series of terraces occur in the field immediately north of Manor Farm, Luddington. The terraces are regular and are approached by an earthen ramp. The field in which they occur is recorded as 'The Orchard' on an estate map of 1704, and it is possible that it carried fruit trees. However a person, who has surveyed the site, was of the opinion that its southerly aspect and gentle gradient would have suited it to the cultivation of vines. The regularity of the terraces and their excellent condition suggest a relatively late origin.
3 A small excavation was carried out by an extramural group at Manor Farm, to search for remains of any Medieval frontage or buildings. No such remains were found.
4 Estate map.
5 excavations may have revealed some of the terrace features.
6 Correspondence from 1990.
7 Note from 1994.
8 site visit by Bryn Gethin and subsequent study of lidar suggests that this may have been a terraced garden belonging to the Manor House c.16th/17th century.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Luddington Parish Survey
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1976-7
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Luddington Manor Farm
Author/originator: Smallman, Mrs J.
Date: 1990
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Map
Title: Conway Estate map
Date: 1704
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: CR 114 Rag 111/6
Source No: 7
Source Type: Note
Title: Luddington Manor Farm
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: Luddington Parish Survey
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1976-7
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Parish Survey
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Manor Farm, Luddington
Author/originator: Hooke D
Page Number:
Source No: 8
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Personal communication - Bryn Gethin
Author/originator: Gethin B
Date: 2011 onwards
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Watching Brief Report
Title: An Archaeological Watching Brief at Luddington Manor, Luddington Rd, Stratford Upon Avon
Author/originator: John Moore
Date: 2000
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument TERRACED GARDEN * A garden with one or more platforms with walks, often on different levels, usually close to the house. back
monument MANOR FARM * A farm on the estate of a manor. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument MANOR HOUSE * The principal house of a manor or village. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument RAMP * An inclined plane connecting two different levels, used to accomodate the movement of vehicles, wheeled apparatus,livestock etc. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument CULTIVATION TERRACE * An area of land, usually on a slope, which has been built up to provide a flat surface for the cultivation of crops. back
monument ORCHARD * An enclosure used for the cultivation of fruit trees. back
monument TERRACE * A row of houses attached to and adjoining one another and planned and built as one unit. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record