Information for record number MWA1967:
Site of Warwick Market Cross, Market Place

Summary Documentary evidence suggests that this is the site of Warwick Market Cross, which stood on the east side of Market Place.
What Is It?  
Type: Cross, Market Cross, Market, Fair
Period: Post-medieval (1540 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Warwick
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 28 64
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Dugdale's 1650 edition, speaking of Thomas Fisher, records that his true name was Hawkins, and that his father by profession sold fish at the Mercate Cross near Warwick. The plan of Warwick shows this Cross as standing on a base on a step or two in the Market Square.
2 Market (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1088x1119 when Henry de Beaumont, earl of Warwick, granted a tenth of the toll to one of his priests. Market also recorded in the mid thirteenth century. In 1279, the Market days were Wed and Sat. Fair (Charter) vfm+5, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 5 Oct 1261, by K Hen III to John de Plessis, earl of Warwick and his successors in the earldom. On 22 Sept 1262, John de Plessis, earl of Warwick granted to his burgesses a Fair on 6+f+8 Peter ad Vincula, following his petition to the king. Fair (Charter) vf+5, Michael (29 Sept); gr 6 Nov 1268, by K Hen III to William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. To be held at the manor. On 16 Jul 1413, Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, the king’s cousin, stated that the yearly Fair held for 3 days at Michaelmas, granted to the bailiffs, burgesses and other commons of Warwick, was of no profit. On that day there were six or seven other Fairs in the neighborhood. K Ric II granted Earl Richard and his heirs that the bailiffs, burgesses and other commons could have a Fair in the borough on vfm Bartholomew (24 Aug) in lieu. Fair (Charter) vfm+12, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 25 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. To be held at the manor. Fair (Grant: Other) 3 day Fair on f Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 1479. Fair (Grant: Other) 3 day Fair on f Philip and James (1 May); gr 1479.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: TBAS vol 68
Author/originator: Nelson J
Date: 1952
Page Number: 86
Volume/Sheet: 68
Source No: 2
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516 (Warwickshire)
Author/originator: Institute of Historical Research (CMH)
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwickshire
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Word or Phrase
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument MARKET CROSS * A cross found in a market place. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument MARKET * An open space or covered building in which cattle, goods, etc, are displayed for sale. back
monument FAIR * A site where a periodical gathering of buyers, sellers and entertainers, meet at a time ordained by charter or statute or by ancient custom. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument SQUARE * An open space or area, usually square in plan, in a town or city, enclosed by residential and/or commercial buildings, frequently containing a garden or laid out with trees. back
monument CROSS * A free-standing structure, in the form of a cross (+), symbolizing the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified and sacred to the Christian faith. Use specific type where known. back
monument MARKET PLACE * An area, often consisting of widened streets or a town square, where booths and stalls may be erected for public sales. back
monument MINT * A place where money is coined under public authority. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record