Information for record number MWA2749:
Longdon Shrunken Medieval Settlement

Summary The site of an area of Medieval shrunken village at Longdon. It is known from documentary evidence, earthworks of house platforms and trackways revealed on aerial photographs, and from finds of pottery. It is located 600m north west of Longdon Poplars.
What Is It?  
Type: Shrunken Village, House Platform, Trackway
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Tredington
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 22 41
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 A Medieval deserted settlement was surveyed after having been ploughed for the second time. A measured but tentative plan was produced. Pottery, much of it 12th and 13th century, was restricted to the N part of the site. The date of enclosure is uncertain, but an early 17th century house stands beside the village and desertion by enclosure seems probable. The hollowed-out village street is visible, with the house platforms beside it.
2 Plan of above survey.
3 The village site extends over parts of two fields to the S of Longdon Manor. The earthworks consist of an E-W street and two trackways, with house platforms and tofts on the W part of the site.
4 AP.
5 earthworks of ditches and banks show on air photographs.
6 Longdon is mentioned individually in the Domesday survey, at the time being sub-let to Gilbert son of Turold. Longdon as a village cannot be identified until the Medieval period, and in common with many of the settlements of this area had been abandoned by Post Medieval times. There are no records of when desertion occurred. This was a four and a half 'mansae' estate when leased to Byrnric in AD 969 and in 1086 the listed inhabitants included 8 villeins, 2 bordars, 4 slaves and 4 bondwomen. 8 ploughs were operating on the Manor. 8 tax-payers are still listed in the returns of 1327 and this village may have been a victim of deliberate enclosure for grazing, a fate shared with numerous other settlements in this part of Warwickshire. The village street was entirely abandoned and in 16th century a farmhouse was built above the village site.
7 Plan showing 10th century boundary clause.
8 Plotted on Tredington Parish Ridge & Furrow Plot (PRN 6455).
9 AP.
10 The survey from 1977.
11 Notes on field margins.
12deserted settlement is visible as earthworks on aerial photographs taken in 1947, though it has been partially levelled on aerial photographs taken in 2007. The site is centred on SP 22073 41496 and extends over an area which measures 380 metres east-west and 300 metres north south. The site comprises a series of probable crofts defined by broad boundary banks. These seem to be incomplete or partially disturbed and it is difficult to tell from the available aerial photographs how many crofts there are or what sizes. This site has been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the South East Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS Target Areas National Mapping Programme.

Source No: 9
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: NMR
Date: 1945
Page Number: 7028
Volume/Sheet: 106G UK 1345
Source No: 4
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP17SW
Author/originator: RAF
Date: 1948
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 42-17SW
Source No: 8
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Tredington parish
Author/originator: ARI
Date: 1992
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Tredington Parish
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: DMVRG vol 25 1977
Date: 1977
Page Number: 16
Volume/Sheet: 25
Source No: 10
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Medieval Village Survey:Longdon
Author/originator: Hooke, D
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Source No: 12
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Russell Priest
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Monograph
Title: Medieval Villages
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1985
Page Number: 147
Volume/Sheet: OUCA Monograph 5
Source No: 11
Source Type: Note
Title: Field Margins details from Longdon
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: Longdon:WMANS vol 20
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1977
Page Number: 22
Volume/Sheet: 20
Source No: 7
Source Type: Plan
Title: Medieval Villages
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1985
Page Number: 129; Fig 10.2
Volume/Sheet: OUCFA Monograph 5
Source No: 5
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1988
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: Longdon:WMANS no 20
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1977
Page Number: 27
Volume/Sheet: 20
Longdon Shrunken Village, Tredington
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1989
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Word or Phrase
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument TOFT * The place where a house stood or had once stood, often adjoining a garth or croft. back
monument BOUNDARY BANK * An earthen bank that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument SHRUNKEN VILLAGE * A settlement where previous house sites are now unoccupied, but often visible as earthworks, crop or soil marks. back
monument FARMHOUSE * The main dwelling-house of a farm, it can be either detached from or attached to the working buildings. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument CROFT * An enclosed piece of land adjoining a house. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument TRACKWAY * A pathway, not necessarily designed as such, beaten down by the feet of travellers. back
monument TARGET * Any structure or object, used for the purpose of practice shooting by aerial, seaborne or land mounted weapons. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record