Information for record number MWA3656:
Brinklow Castle

Summary Brinklow Castle, a motte and bailey Castle of Medieval date. The Castle is still visible as a substantial earthwork. It is located at Brinklow.
What Is It?  
Type: Castle, Motte And Bailey, Earthwork
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Brinklow
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 43 79
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 `Very imposing and remarkable earthworks of the moated mount and court type... as fine an example... as can be seen anywhere within the kingdom.' The works occupy a strong position on a short elevated ridge. The mount, with five elm trees on its summit, is a conspicuous landmark with magnificent views. It is placed right on the line of the Fosse Way. To the W lies an inner court, defended by a rampart and ditch and beyond this is a second and larger court similarly entrenched. The entire work covers 1.8 to 2.1 ha. The mound rises 12 M from the surrounding land and is 79.2 M in diameter at base. Its top is flat and measures 15 M across. The surrounding ditch is 6 M deep and 12 M wide. The two courtyards are on slightly lower ground. Inside the ditches are remains of a rampart. There are now three entrances into the courts, but it is unlikely that any of these are original. The whole of the palisading was doubtlessly of wood.
2 Chatwin suggests that the Normans used a pre-existing mound (PRN 6009). Brinklow was given to Earl Alberic, then - after being in the King's hands - to the Earl of Mellent, then later still to Nigel de Albany. Its interest as a castle ceased at an early period. It was probably a Norman castle of major strategic significance.
5 The castle`s position on the Fosse Way and the fact that it is located almost halfway between the castles of Warwick and Leicester suggests that it was one of a number of castles built at strategic points on the Fosse Way.
7 Brinklow castle is one of the early castles built in Warwickshire and consisted of an earthwork motte and associated bailey. The construction of the castle would also have led to the creation of the settlement at Brinklow.

Source No: 7
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Symbols of Status in Medieval Warwickshire (1000-1500)
Author/originator: Hook D
Date: 2014
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 117
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 1, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Doubleday H A & Page W (eds)
Date: 1904
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS vol 60
Author/originator: Chatwin P B
Date: 1936
Page Number: 19
Volume/Sheet: 60
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: DoE
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: AM7
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 29NE1
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1967
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 29NE1
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM List 1983
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1983
Page Number: 3
Source No: 6
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Brinklow Castle
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 21547
Brinklow Motte and Bailey Castle
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Click here for larger image  
Brinklow Castle, Brinklow
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 2000
Click here for larger image  
Plan of Brinklow Castle
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1983
Click here for larger image  
Brinklow Castle on the 1886 Ordnance Survey map
Copyright: Open
Date: 1886
Click here for larger image  
Brinklow Motte and Bailey Castle
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1910s
Click here for larger image  
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument COURTYARD * An uncovered area, surrounded or partially surrounded by buildings. back
monument MOTTE AND BAILEY * An early form of castle consisting of a flat-top steep-sided earthen mound, supporting a wooden tower, and a bailey. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument BAILEY * The courtyard of a castle, ie. the area enclosed by the rampart or curtain. Use with wider site type where known. back
monument MOUND * A natural or artificial elevation of earth or stones, such as the earth heaped upon a grave. Use more specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument WORKS * Usually a complex of buildings for the processing of raw materials. Use specific type where known. back
monument MOTTE * An artificial steep-sided earthen mound on, or in, which is set the principal tower of a castle. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record