Information for record number MWA395:
Roman Road running from Witherley Road, Mancetter

Summary A Roman Road is visible as a crop mark on aerial photographs. Its existence was proved during excavations. It is situated 50m south of Witherley Road.
What Is It?  
Type: Road
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 A possible trackway shows on aerial photographs as a parch mark forming ditch.
2 The track fades out to the north and its relationship to ridge and furrow in the north of the field is uncertain.
3 A path is shown at this point.
4 It seems just possible that this is the site of a Roman road.
5 1970: A side-road leading from Watling Street near Witherley was traced for a short distance, but appeared not to continue towards the River Anker. Three successive road surfaces had widths of c6.1m, 2.4m and 7.9m respectively.
6 1971: Excavation revealed the junction between the service road sectioned in 1970 and another contemporary road, apparently running between Watling Street and the River Anker. Features were found to pre- and post-date the roads.
7 1977: The North to south road was investigated further. This road had two surfaces. The first surface was not earlier than the 3rd century.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP3296
Author/originator: Pickering J
Date: 1970
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP3296I & J
Source No: 5
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1970
Author/originator: D R Wilson, R P Wright and M W C Hassall
Date: 1971
Page Number: 243-304
Volume/Sheet: 2
Source No: 6
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1971
Author/originator: D R Wilson, R P Wright and M W C Hassall
Date: 1972
Page Number: 298-370
Volume/Sheet: 3
Source No: 7
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1977
Author/originator: R Goodburn, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1978
Page Number: 403-485
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 3
Source Type: Map
Title: Map 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 6" series
Source No: 2
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: SMR card : text
Author/originator: JMG
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: SMR card : text
Author/originator: JMG
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument PATH * A way made for pedestrians, especially one merely made by walking (often not specially constructed). back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument TRACKWAY * A pathway, not necessarily designed as such, beaten down by the feet of travellers. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record