Information for record number MWA41:
Church of St Peter and St Nicholas, Curdworth

Summary The Church of St. Peter and St. Nicholas which has its origins in the Medieval period. Parts of the Church were restored during the Imperial period. It is situated on Church Lane, Curdworth.
What Is It?  
Type: Church, Bell Tower
Period: Medieval - Imperial (1066 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Curdworth
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 17 92
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Listed Building (Grade: II*)
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached

 
Description

 
Source Number  

1 Chancel, nave, S porch and W tower. The chancel and E portions of the nave are 12th century with some 14th century features. The W portions of the nave and the tower with embattled parapets are 15th century. The porch is 15th century, largely restored in 1800.
3 Font is Norman, round strong and barbaric.
4 Watching brief carried out to observe the excavation of electricity cable trenches. trenches located along the south and west sides of the church. No significant archaeological features observed.
5 Archaeological Observation of cable trenches did not identify any archaeological features.
6 1895-6 restorations - all of walls underpinned, trench dug around church for this. Font and stone coffins found under nave floor during restorations. Churchyard extended to W 1918-19. Grave found outside N wall of church - with shoes on. Rectangular platform in field to the S - early manor house site? 14th century floor tiles found in 19th century restoration. Probably major disturbance of interior surfaces during 19th century restoration and below -floor survival therefore poor. However, rectangular platform extends into Churchyard and is of major archaeological potential.
7 Archaeological observation and recording was carried out during groundworks in the vicinity of the church. A series of foundations and butresses, dating from the 12th to the 15th centuries were recorded. The earliest foundations recorded belonged to the mid-late 12th century chancel. The later foundations of the late 15th century bell-tower, nave and south porch were also recorded. Two inhumation burials were also recorded, probably pre-dating the construction of the bell-tower. The NE-SW alignment of the burials is probably a result of overcrowding in a favoured area of the Churchyard.
 
Sources

Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: The Buildings of England: Warwickshire
Author/originator: Pevsner N and Wedgwood A
Date: 1966
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwicks
   
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 4, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1947
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 4
   
Source No: 2
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: LBL
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1951
Page Number: 5
Volume/Sheet: Tamworth Rural
   
Source No: 6
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: Arch Church Ass
Author/originator: Hodder M A
Date: 1990
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 7
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Church of St. Nicholas, Curdworth, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands
Author/originator: Cherrington R
Date: 2006
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 5
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Observation of cable trenches at St Nicholas' Church, Curdworth
Author/originator: Gethin B
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 4
Source Type: Photograph
Title: Photograph
Author/originator: Willams S E
Date: 1977
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: A8653-9
   
Images:  
St Peter & St Nicholas' Church, Curdworth, North Warwickshire
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1977
Click here for larger image  
 
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Glossary

 
Word or Phrase
Description  
designation Listed Building Buildings and structures, such as bridges, that are of architectural or historical importance are placed on a statutory list. These buildings are protected by planning and conservation acts that ensure that their special features of interest are considered before any alterations are made to them.

Depending on how important the buildings are they are classed as Grade I, Grade II* or Grade II. Grade I buildings are those of exceptional interest. Grade II* are particularly important buildings of more than special interest. Those listed as Grade II are those buildings that are regarded of special interest.
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source LBL Listed Building List. Buildings and structures, such as bridges, that are of architectural or historical importance are placed on a list. Buildings placed on the list are protected through various planning and conservation acts which ensure that their special features of interest are considered before any alterations are made to them. The Listed Buildings List is compiled and maintained by English Heritage. It includes details of where the building is, when it was built, a description of its appearance, and any other special features. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Imperial 1751 AD to 1914 AD (end of the 18th century AD to the beginning of the 20th century AD)

This period comes after the Post Medieval period and before the modern period and starts with beginning of the Industrial Revolution in 1750. It includes the second part of the Hannoverian period (1714 – 1836) and the Victorian period (1837 – 1901). The Imperial period ends with the start of the First World War in 1914.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURE * Use only for features assumed to be archaeological but which cannot be identified more precisely without further investigation .Use more specific term where known back
monument COFFIN * A chest made of stone, wood or lead, used to enclose a dead body. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument INHUMATION * An interment of unburnt, articulated human remains. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument MANOR HOUSE * The principal house of a manor or village. back
monument ARCH * A structure over an opening usually formed of wedge-shaped blocks of brick or stone held together by mutual pressure and supported at the sides; they can also be formed from moulded concrete/ cast metal. A component; use for free-standing structure only. back
monument FLOOR * A layer of stone, brick or boards, etc, on which people tread. Use broader site type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument TOWER * A tall building, either round, square or polygonal in plan, used for a variety of purposes, including defence, as a landmark, for the hanging of bells, industrial functions, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument GRAVE * A place of burial. Use more specific type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument BELL TOWER * A tower or turret in which bells are hung. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument PLATFORM * Unspecified. Use specific type where known. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument FONT * A vessel, usually made of stone, which contains the consecrated water for baptism. Use a broader monument type if possible. back
monument CHURCHYARD * An area of ground belonging to a church, often used as a burial ground. back
monument BURIAL * An interment of human or animal remains. Use specific type where known. If component use with wider site type. Use FUNERARY SITE for optimum retrieval in searches. back
monument ROUND * A small, Iron Age/Romano-British enclosed settlement found in South West England. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record