Information for record number MWA4530:
Site of Roman Villa 300m NE of Brookhampton, Kineton.

Summary The site of a Roman villa was discovered during a field walking survey. Finds of building stone, hypocaust and roof tiles as well as many pottery sherds were found. Linear features and enclosures are visible on aerial photographs, 500m north east of Butlers Marston.
What Is It?  
Type: Villa, Enclosure, Linear Feature, Building
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Kineton
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 50
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 Scatter of Roman pot and tile located during field survey.
2 field survey in 1984 revealed a dense scatter of worked and unworked stone, tile (flue and roof), pottery, glass etc on the crest of a hill. The dense area of the building scatter is about 20m in length and orientated SW-NE across the hill slope. Two additional stone/tile scatters could indicate additional buildings. The main scatter includes a lot of tile (twelve pieces of flue tile noted), oyster shell, iron and lead objects, a quern and pottery. Pottery included Samian, colour-coated, mortaria, grey, orange and black burnished ware. The site is on a very exposed part of the hill and large chunks of unabraded pot and tile may indicate severe plough damage.
3 Air photographs.
4 Enclosures and linear features show on aerial photographs.
5 Pottery and tile have been collected by Tony McKay.
6 A Roman villa discovered in 1984. The site produced a scatter of roof and hypocaust tile, building stone and other occupation debris. The finds suggest one or perhaps two villa buildings on a ridge top and facingsouth east into a small stream valley.
7 The site was fieldwalked 1985 when a large quantity of occupation debris was recovered.
8 Synopsis of above references.
9 Roman flue and roof tiles, sherds of Severn Valley Ware and colour-coated ware were donated to Warwickshire Museum having been found across this site in 2007.
10 An extensive Roman villa site originally identified by a field survey in 1984 is visible on aerial photographs of 1977-8 as the cropmarks of ditched enclosures. The villa complex as visible on aerial photographs consists of a substantial rectilinear enclosure with many subdivisions, some of which may indicate the remains of structures or buildings. These features have been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP project. (note the NMP plan for this monument is very good).

Source No: 3
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP3250
Author/originator: WM
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP3250
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Field Survey Record
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1984
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey Record
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Artefact Record Form, Brookhampton Roman Villa
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1984
Page Number:
Source No: 10
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Josephine Janik
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 28
Author/originator: Mckay T
Date: 1985
Page Number: 39
Volume/Sheet: 28
Source No: 6
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 27 1984
Author/originator: AM and RCH
Date: 1984
Page Number: 58
Volume/Sheet: 27
Source No: 9
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Offer of Donation to the Warwickshire Museum (Roman artefacts, Brookhampton Lane, Kineton)
Author/originator: Wear, S L
Date: 2007
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Hingley R C
Date: 1984
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 374
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Mckay T
Date: 1984
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 4530
Source No: 8
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: What Evidence is There for a Roman Villa at Brook
Author/originator: Caroline Horne
Date: 2002
Page Number:
Plan of a Roman Villa, Brookhampton
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Click here for larger image  
back to top


Word or Phrase
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Field Survey The term ‘field survey’ is used to describe all work that does not disturb archaeological deposits below the ground through an excavation. Field survey techniques involve recording measurements that help archaeologists draw plans or diagrams of archaeological features. There are a variety of different field survey techniques, including geophysical survey, building recording survey, field walking survey, landscape survey and earthwork survey. back
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

more ->
technique Field Walking Survey Archaeologists walk over an area, usually ploughed fields, and look for objects on the surface. This is called field walking. Archaeologists record the point on the ground where they find the objects. These points are then plotted on a map. If the map shows that a large number of objects were found in the same place, it can be evidence that an archaeological site exists there. For example, if a large number of fragments of roof tile and/or brick or stone are found in one place, it could mean that there used to be some sort of building there. See also field survey. back
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE * A monument consisting of an area of land enclosed by a ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier, where the barrier consists of several straight or near straight sections. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FLUE * A passageway, duct or pipe use for the conveyance of heat, gasses, smoke or air. back
monument DITCHED ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by one or several boundary ditches. Double index with a term to indicate the shape of the enclosure where known. back
monument HYPOCAUST * A Roman under-floor heating system in which hot air heated by a stoked furnace, flowed through channels, created by either raising the floor on pillars of brick and tile or cutting channels into the concrete floor and tiling over them. back
monument VILLA * A term for a type of house, with varying definitions according to period. Roman villas were high-status and usually associated with a rural estate, whereas Georgian and later period villas were often semi-detached, town houses. back
monument LINEAR FEATURE * A length of straight, curved or angled earthwork or cropmark of uncertain date or function. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument MUSEUM * A building, group of buildings or space within a building, where objects of value such as works of art, antiquities, scientific specimens, or other artefacts are housed and displayed. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record