Information for record number MWA4813:
Site of Poss Roman Villa 400m NE of Lobbington Farm

Summary The site of a possible villa dating to the Roman period where pottery, animal bone, brick and tile have been found. It was situated 900m north west of Butlers Marston.
What Is It?  
Type: Villa
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Butlers Marston
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 30 50
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Site on S bank of the River Dene in a small field. A scatter of stone in the S field is about 20m by 10m in diameter. Finds of pottery, animal bone, brick and tile were made, probably indicating a small villa.
2 Finds brought to the Museum include Roman pottery - Samian, Nene Valley, Oxfordshire Colour Coated, Black Burnished, shell-tempered, oxidised and grey wares - and five fragments of tile - two flue and one possibly imbrex.
3 The Warwickshire Historic Environment Record notes a possible Roman villa Site on the southern bank of the River Dene, to the WNW of Butlers Marston. The possible Roman villa is indicated by a scatter of stone, as well as by finds of pottery, animal bone, brick and tile. This area was surveyed from aerial photographs as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP project, but no remains of the possible villa Site were detectable on any of the available aerial photographs. On many of the photographs, the Site of the possible villa was in deep shade.
4 Lidar imagery shows this area still has ridge and furrow over it, which will also not help.

Source No: 3
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Josephine Janik
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: Artefact Record Form
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 28
Author/originator: McKay A
Date: 1985
Page Number: 39
Volume/Sheet: 28
Source No: 4
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Pers. Comm.
Author/originator: B Gethin
Date: 2013 onwards
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FLUE * A passageway, duct or pipe use for the conveyance of heat, gasses, smoke or air. back
monument VILLA * A term for a type of house, with varying definitions according to period. Roman villas were high-status and usually associated with a rural estate, whereas Georgian and later period villas were often semi-detached, town houses. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument MUSEUM * A building, group of buildings or space within a building, where objects of value such as works of art, antiquities, scientific specimens, or other artefacts are housed and displayed. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record