Information for record number MWA5258:
Roman settlement

Summary The possible site of a Roman settlement. Roman pottery, coins, brooches and animal bone was found as well as a rough cobble floor surfaces. The site was located 500m north of Lower Brailes on Sutton Brook.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Brailes
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 31 39
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Investigation of a Roman settlement led to the banks of the stream where erosion provided fresh evidence in the form of two coins and pottery. A trial trench was dug in the bank of the stream and a floor of rough cobble with patches of gravel discovered at 1.07m. Much pottery and some metalwork was discovered. At two points upstream the bank had collapsed revealing layers of stone and a second trench revealed a compact stone surface. A few sherds of pot and pieces of bone were found. A third trial trench revealed only natural stratigraphy.
2 Finds included Samian ware, grey ware, four Roman coins, four brooches, tweezers and several other objects. Animal and human bones were also found.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Brailes
Author/originator: Blunt B
Date: 1973
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Brailes
Author/originator: Lewis G T
Date: 1967
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Trial Trench A small regular hole that is usually square or rectangular in shape. Archaeologists dig trial trenches to discover if there are any archaeological remains at a particular location. See also excavation. back
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FLOOR * A layer of stone, brick or boards, etc, on which people tread. Use broader site type where known. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record