Information for record number MWA5303:
Site of Saxon Settlement to W of Baginton Church

Summary The site of an Anglo Saxon settlement dating to the Migration period. The remains of a sunken hut were found during an excavation. Fragments of pottery were found in a pit inside the hut. The site is located in the area of Baginton Castle.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Grubenhaus
Period: Migration (410 AD - 800 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Baginton
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 A Saxon grubenhaus was observed in the section (III) of a gravel pit which extends from the castle to the church. Inside the hut dirty sand seems to have banked up on the W side. Above this was an occupation layer into which a small pit was dug; this was covered with more occupation material. Throughout the filling was Saxon pottery.
2 One of the pottery vessels was examined by J N L Myres, who stated that it was a normal pagan Saxon form, perhaps dating to around 500 AD.
3 Section.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS vol 87
Author/originator: Myres J N L
Date: 1975
Page Number: 126
Volume/Sheet: 87
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: TBAS vol 87
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1975
Page Number: 111-127
Volume/Sheet: 87
Source No: 3
Source Type: Section
Title: TBAS vol 87
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1975
Page Number: Fig 7
Volume/Sheet: 87
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument GRUBENHAUS * A timber building based around a sunken hollow, the floor of which may have been suspended above the hollow to counteract dampness. Grubenhauser are believed to date from the 5th to 8th centuries AD but may be earlier. Use Grubenhauser as plural. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HUT * A building of basic construction, usually smaller in size than a house and constructed from a variety of materials such as mud, turf, branches, wood, brick, concrete or metal. Use more specific type where known. back
monument GRAVEL PIT * A steep-sided pit formed by, and for, the extraction of gravel. back
monument OCCUPATION LAYER * A layer of remains left by a single culture, from which the culture can be dated or identified. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record