Information for record number MWA6243:
Excavation of Roman Industrial Features

Summary The site of an industrial area which was used for pottery production. Excavations revealed the remains of buildings, pits and a well. The features were Roman in date and were situated 450m north west of Crab Tree Farm, Mancetter.
What Is It?  
Type: Building, Pit, Well, Ditch, Burial, Post Hole
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 1964: Excavation of two small pits and the remains of a puddling-tank with traces of the timber lining and a water duct leading to it.
2 1969: Excavation of several post holes demonstrated that some of the industrial features were within timber workshops. In addition an area of shale and pebble 6.1m by 4.9m, probably a working-floor, was partly destroyed by ploughing.
3 1970: Three wells located. The working floor held two small rectangular features probably used for storing or puddling clay.
4 1977: A further well containing bones from at least five horses was excavated. This and a ditch dated earlier than a surface of the road (MWA6242). On the east of the site was a series of boundary-ditches filled in the late 1st century to 2nd century, together with a late 1st/early 2nd century infant cremation with two pots (MWA 8036). Two further wells were excavated. The military-type ditch found in 1970 is now not thought to be military although it has a 1st century fill.
5 Plan of excavated features.

Source No: 3
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1970
Author/originator: D R Wilson, R P Wright and M W C Hassall
Date: 1971
Page Number: 243-304
Volume/Sheet: 2
Source No: 4
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1977
Author/originator: R Goodburn, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1978
Page Number: 403-485
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Excavations At Mancetter
Author/originator: Hartley K
Date: 1969
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: Excavations at Witherley (Manduessedum), Sept.13th-Oct. 1964
Author/originator: K F Hartley
Date: 1964
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Plan
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: Hartley K
Date: 1977
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument CREMATION * A funeral rite in which the human body is burnt, usually on a pyre, leaving fragmentary charred or completely combusted remains. Often found buried, occasionally in a container associated with grave goods. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument FLOOR * A layer of stone, brick or boards, etc, on which people tread. Use broader site type where known. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument WORKSHOP * A building or room used for small scale manufacture. Use more specific term where possible. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument BURIAL * An interment of human or animal remains. Use specific type where known. If component use with wider site type. Use FUNERARY SITE for optimum retrieval in searches. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument TANK * Armoured military vehicle with its own firepower, which operates on tracks for troop mobility over rough terrain. Some may be adapted, or purpose-built, to be amphibious, and may then be double-indexed as AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLE. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record