Information for record number MWA7557:
Moat (poss. site of Manor House)

Summary A moat, a wide ditch usually surrounding a building. It dates to the Medieval period, and may have been associated with a manor house. It survives as an earthwork and is situated just east of Earlswood Lakes Station.
What Is It?  
Type: Moat
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Tanworth in Arden
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 09 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 OS Map.
2 Close to Earlswood Lakes Station is an isolated moat, of which about two thirds contains water.
3 Very little is known of Forshaw, sub manor of Solihull. All traces of the manor house had disappeared, even by Dugdale's time, with the exception of the moat which still survives.
4 A homestead moat. Published survey (25") revised. No trace of a building on the island.
5 moat near Earlswood Lake Station. No.159.
6 Plans. Note that this Monument is located in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull

Source No: 4
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: FI
Author/originator: Baird J
Date: 1968
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Solihull and its Church
Author/originator: Pemberton R
Date: 1905
Page Number: 18
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 4, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1947
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 4
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Moated Sites List
Author/originator: Birm Mus
Date: 1975
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 6" 1921
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1921
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Plan
Title: Tanworth in Arden
Author/originator: OS Card
Date: 1976
Page Number:
A Medieval moat on the 1887 Ordnance Survey map in Earlswood, Tanworth in Arden
Copyright: Open
Date: 1887
Click here for larger image  
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Word or Phrase
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument LAKE * A large body of water surrounded by land. back
monument MANOR HOUSE * The principal house of a manor or village. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MOAT * A wide ditch surrounding a building, usually filled with water. Use for moated sites, not defensive moats. Use with relevant site type where known, eg. MANOR HOUSE, GARDEN, etc. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument ISLAND * A piece of land, sometimes man-made, completely surrounded by water. back
monument HOMESTEAD * A small settlement, usually consisting of one dwelling with ancillary buildings. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record