Information for record number MWA770:
Site of Tannery on Warwick Street

Summary The site of a tannery which may have been established in the Medieval period. The tannery burned down in 1657 and was replaced in 1659. It ceased as a tannery in 1830 and an excavation in 1969 uncovered cattle horns. It was situated on Warwick Street, Southam.
What Is It?  
Type: Tannery
Period: Medieval - Industrial (1066 AD - 1913 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Southam
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 41 61
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Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Widening of the Warwick Street bridge over the River Stowe in 1969 involved the destruction of a building which had been used as a tannery. In the Warwickshire County Records, Volume 4, a fire is recorded at a tannery in 1657. The new tannery was built in 1659 and continued in use until 1830. Bishop Bright School carried out a rescue excavation in 1969. Debris from the tannery, including a large quantity of cattle horns, was found. The rubbish appears to have been dumped to make a bank to hold back flood water from the stream.
2 Archaeological observation during the excavation of garage foundation trenches at 1 Warwick Place, Southam revealed no significant archaeological remains. The ground around the existing house had been made up by between 1.35m and 2.15m in the late 20th century.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: The Tannery,Southam
Author/originator: Usher H
Date: 1973
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at 1 Warwick Place, Southam, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Thompson P & Wright K
Date: 2003
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Report No 0321
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Word or Phrase
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument TANNERY * A manufacturing complex where the hides of animals are turned into leather, consisting of buildings for fleecing and drying, as well as treatment pits. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SCHOOL * An establishment in which people, usually children, are taught. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument INDUSTRIAL * This is the top term for the class. See INDUSTRIAL Class List for narrow terms. back
monument BRIDGE * A structure of wood, stone, iron, brick or concrete, etc, with one or more intervals under it to span a river or other space. Use specific type where known. back
monument STOWE * A type of windlass for drawing up ore. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument GARAGE * Use only for buildings which house motor vehicles. Includes garages for vehicle repair. For petrol sales use PETROL STATION. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record