Information for record number MWA788:
Church End Shrunken Medieval Settlement

Summary The deserted settlement of Church End dates to the Medieval period. It is known from documentary evidence and earthworks are visible. It is located 100m south of Church coppice.
What Is It?  
Type: Deserted Settlement
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Chesterton and Kingston
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 35 58
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The small hamlet of Church End is mentioned by name in Medieval documents, and it may represent the earliest (Medieval) settlement in the parish. There were buildings here in the 19th century (PRN 6306). Stone foundations are visible just W of the moat (PRN 790). There cannot, however, be room for many homestead sites. A further group of Stone foundations appears just W of the churchyard wall (SP3558), but these do not appear to amount to more than three to four houses. The creation of the pool S of the Church may have drowned one or two more building sites.
2 A small, irregular area of earthworks near the isolated Church, moat and fishponds must represent the hamlet of Church End, so named 1287.
3 Plan.
4 Ancient Monument description.
5 site surrounds St Giles Church and the adjoining cottage. No surface material visible in the arable portion.
6 New Scheduling Information (was County No.106). The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the Medieval settlement (WA 788/WA 6306), a moated manorial site (WA 790 and WA 6302) and fishponds (WA 6303). St Giles Church, the Churchwarden's cottage and the northern half of the Church cemetery are totally excluded from the scheduling.
7 The survey highlighted substantial buildings surounded by walls which can be interpreted as possible barns and coach house and dovecote associated with the manor building and gardens. There is also evidence of a courtyard with a road heading towards the possible manor house over the moat.
8 Chronological list of dates about Chesterton.
9 Letter to a resident of Chesterton.
10 Photographs.
11 Copy of scheduling map.
12 Letters about a) the ponds to the north of the churchyard and b) about damage to fishponds.

Source No: 7
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Archaeological Recordings, Church End, Chesterton, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Adams, D.
Date: 2004
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Field and Forest
Author/originator: Slater T R and Jarvis P J
Date: 1982
Page Number: 157
Source No: 9
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Chesterton DMV
Author/originator: Bond, C J
Date: 1970
Page Number:
Source No: 12
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Chesterton DMV
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1989
Page Number:
Source No: 11
Source Type: Map
Title: Chesterton Magna
Author/originator: DoE
Date: undated
Page Number:
Source No: 8
Source Type: Note
Title: Chesterton
Page Number:
Source No: 10
Source Type: Photograph
Title: Chesterton
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: Field and Forest
Author/originator: Slater T R and Jarvis P J
Date: 1982
Page Number: Fig 7:1
Source No: 4
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Site of deserted village of Chesterton Magna
Author/originator: Ministry of Works/DoE
Date: 1954?
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM List 1983
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1983
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Moated Site and Medieval Settlement Remains at Church End, 600m east of Ewefields Farm
Author/originator: English Heritage
Date: 2001
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Chesterton Magna
Author/originator: Bond C J
Date: 1966
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument DOVECOTE * A building, or part of a building, used to house doves and pigeons, usually placed at a height above the ground, with openings and provision inside for roosting and breeding. back
monument POOL * A small body of water, either natural or artificial. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FISHPOND * A pond used for the rearing, breeding, sorting and storing of fish. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument HAMLET * Small settlement with no ecclesiastical or lay administrative function. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument MANOR HOUSE * The principal house of a manor or village. back
monument POND * A body of still water often artificially formed for a specific purpose. Use specifc type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MOAT * A wide ditch surrounding a building, usually filled with water. Use for moated sites, not defensive moats. Use with relevant site type where known, eg. MANOR HOUSE, GARDEN, etc. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument COURTYARD * An uncovered area, surrounded or partially surrounded by buildings. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument COACH HOUSE * An outbuilding where a horse-drawn carriage is kept. back
monument CEMETERY * An area of ground, set apart for the burial of the dead. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument CHURCHYARD * An area of ground belonging to a church, often used as a burial ground. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument BARN * A building for the storage and processing of grain crops and for housing straw, farm equipment and occasionally livestock and their fodder. Use more specific type where known. back
monument COPPICE * A managed small wood or thicket of underwood grown to be periodically cut to encourage new growth providing smaller timber. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HOMESTEAD * A small settlement, usually consisting of one dwelling with ancillary buildings. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument FOREST * A large tract of land covered with trees and interspersed with open areas of land. Traditionally forests were owned by the monarchy and had their own laws. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record