Information for record number MWA8922:
Post-medieval activity at 10/11 Sheep Street, Stratford-upon-Av

Summary The base of an early post-medieval oven or malt kiln and other post-medieval features including cess pools, a cistern and wall foundations were recorded during the archaeological observation of groundworks at 10/11 Sheep Street, Stratford-upon-Avon.
What Is It?  
Type: Malt Kiln, Wall, Cess Pool, Cistern, Kiln
Period: Post-medieval (1540 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Stratford upon Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 20 54
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Observation of groundworks in Sheep Street revealed a circular feature with limestone walls, possibly the base of an early post-medieval oven or malting kiln. Further ovens/kilns may be represented by spreads of limestone and clay nearby. stone and brick wall foundations were also recorded in the south west of the site, with yard surfaces to the east. Post-medieval cess pools and a cistern, possibly associated with soap-making or brewing were also found.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at 10/11 Sheep Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Coutts C and Jones C
Date: 2001
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Report No 0117
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Word or Phrase
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument YARD * A paved area, generally found at the back of a house. back
monument CISTERN * A covered tank in which rainwater is stored for use when required. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument OVEN * A brick, stone or iron receptacle for baking bread or other food in. back
monument KILN * A furnace or oven for burning, baking or drying. Use specific type where known. back
monument MALT KILN * A kiln with a pyramid roof and capped vent in which barley is dried. Found on the site of a malt house. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument CESS POOL * A covered pit into which raw sewage is discharged. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record