Information for record number MWA9023:
Marlcliff Medieval Settlement

Summary The possible extent of Medieval settlement at Marlcliff as suggested by the Ordnance Survey map of 1886. It is possible the whole settlement dates from the Post Medieval period and not the Medieval.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Bidford on Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 09 50
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The possible extent of Medieval settlement, based on the first edition 6" map of 1884, 49NW, and the second edition 6" map of 1886, 43SW, and the ridge and furrow plotting for the parish. The evidence is rather inconclusive; it is possible that the village is Post Medieval.
2 The ridge and furrow plotting for the parish of Bidford on Avon.
3 It appears as 'Marcleve' on the Dugdale map of 1787.
4The maps show a small compact settlement and some orchards. There seems to be a discontinuous boundary hedge round the hamlet;- to the east it extends round a field which shows some ridge and furrow survival on the plotting. There is no entry for Marlcliff in Domesday, no church and no entry in the VCH. However almost every period seems to have settled nearby (see other SMR records 5101, 4946, 5687, 5692, 5691), so perhaps there was a hamlet here in the Medieval period.
5 Marlcliff appears in an 11th century boundary charter.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Bidford on Avon parish
Author/originator: ARI
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Anglo-Saxon Charter-Bounds
Author/originator: Della Hooke
Date: 1999
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Map
Title: County of Warwick 1787
Author/originator: W Dugdale
Date: 1787
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 43SW 1:10560 1888 2nd edition
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1888
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 43SW
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 49NW 1:10560 1884
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1884
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 49NW
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Word or Phrase
source VCH The Victoria County History of the Counties of England. This publication covers the history of each county in England. For Warwickshire, seven volumes were published between 1904 and 1964. They comprise a comprehensive account of the history of each town and village in the county, and important families connected to local history. Each volume is organised by 'hundred', an Anglo-Saxon unit of land division. The Victoria County History also contains general chapters about Warwickshire's prehistory, ecclesiastical and economic history. A copy of each volume is held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument HAMLET * Small settlement with no ecclesiastical or lay administrative function. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument HEDGE * Usually a row of bushes or small trees planted closely together to form a boundary between pieces of land or at the sides of a road. back
monument ORCHARD * An enclosure used for the cultivation of fruit trees. back
monument ROUND * A small, Iron Age/Romano-British enclosed settlement found in South West England. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record