Information for record number MWA9060:
Napton on the Hill Medieval Settlement

Summary The possible extent of the Medieval settlement of Napton on the Hill, including Chapel Green, based on documentary evidence.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Market, Fair
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Napton on the Hill
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 46 61
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Description

 
Source Number  

1 The possible extent of the Medieval settlement, based on the first edition 6" maps, 41NW of 1886, and 41SW of 1884.
2 The ridge and furrow plotting of the parish.
3 Market Charter granted for Thursdays on 8 August 1321 by Edward II to Robert de Napton. To be held at the Manor. Fair Charter vigil feast morrow of the Assumption (15th August) granted on 8th August 1321 by Edward II to Robert de Napton. To be held at the Manor. Fair recorded on 15th August in 1830.
4 Domesday lists Napton in Marton Hundred, with a total of 39 households. The Phillimore edition has a grid ref of 46,61. There are 3 references: Ref 16,31 (Land of the Count of Meulan) In Napton 3 hides and 3 virgates of land. Robert holds from him. Land for 8 ploughs. In lordship 2; 4 slaves. 11 villagers with a priest and 8 smallholders have 4 1/2 ploughs. Meadow, 10 acres; pasture, as many. The value was £4; now £3. Leofnoth and Bondi held it freely before 1066. Ref 17,28 (Land of Thorkell of Warwick) Robert holds 3 virgates of land in Napton. Land for 5 ploughs. In lordship 1. 4 villagers and 5 smallholders have 2 ploughs. Meadow, 8 acres. The value was 10s; now 30s. Edwin held it. Ref 17,38 (Land of Thorkell of Warwick) Ulfketel holds 1/2 hide in Napton. Land for 3 ploughs. In lordship 1/2 plough; 4 villagers and 2 smallholders with 1 1/2 ploughs. Meadow 6 acres. The value was 20s; now 30s. Ulfketel also held it freely.
5 The maps of 1884 and 1886 show a large, dispersed village, with one concentration of settlement in the north, and another southeast of the church, with thinner settlement linking the two. Very few empty plots and a few orchards and areas of trees. Domesday indicates multiple ownership of a smallish settlement of moderate value.The ridge and furrow plotting of the parish helps to define the limit of the settlement. There are known possible shrunken areas, MWA745, MWA747, MWA749, MWA825, and the church, MWA736, dates from the C12th.
6 The Medieval pottery found within the grounds of St. Lawrence's church is likely to derive from the surrounding Medieval settlement.
7
8 A number of discrete areas of earthworks were identified from Google Earth satellite imagery, associated with areas of shrunken settlement within and immediately adjacent to the previously mapped extent of Medieval settlement, by the AOC Assessment of Local Services villages for Stratford-on-Avon District Council in 2012. See child records for further details of these areas of shrunken settlement, which have been mapped separately.
 
Sources

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Napton on the Hill parish
Author/originator: ARI
Date:
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 4
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Domesday Book Warwickshire incl Birmingham
Author/originator: Phillimore and Co Ltd
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: The Place Names of Warwickshire, (EPNS)
Author/originator: Mawer A & Stenton F M (eds)
Date: 1936
Page Number: 368
Volume/Sheet: XIII
   
Source No: 5
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Comments on villages and towns in the Medieval Settlement study.
Author/originator: Hester Hawkes.
Date: 2002/3
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 7
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: Historic Environment Assessment of Local Service Villages, Stratford-on-Avon District, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Carter, H and MacQuarrie, H
Date: 2012
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 6
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Archaeological Evaluation at St. Lawrence's Church, Napton-on-the-Hill
Author/originator: Coutts, C. & Gethin, B.
Date: 2004
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 3
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516 (Warwickshire)
Author/originator: Institute of Historical Research (CMH)
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwickshire
   
Source No: 8
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Google Earth Aerial and Street View
Author/originator: Google Earth
Date: 1945-present
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 2
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 41NW 1:10560 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 41NW
   
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 41SW 1:10560 1884
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1884
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 41SW
   
Images:  
There are no images associated with this record.  
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Glossary

 
Word or Phrase
Description  
source Domesday Book The Domesday Book was commissioned in December 1085 by William the Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066. It contains records for about 13,000 medieval settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees (the border with Scotland at the time). The Domesday Book is a detailed record of the lands and their resources that belonged to the king. It also records the identity of the landholders and their tenants. back
source EPNS The Journal of the English Place-Name Society. The English Place-Name Society was founded in 1923 to carry out a survey of English place-names. Its journal contains reports as well as articles about place-names or specific place-name studies, book reviews and bibliographies. The journal is published annually. Individual volumes also exist for most counties; that for Warwickshire was published in 1936. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument MARKET * An open space or covered building in which cattle, goods, etc, are displayed for sale. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FAIR * A site where a periodical gathering of buyers, sellers and entertainers, meet at a time ordained by charter or statute or by ancient custom. back
monument PASTURE * A field covered with herbage for the grazing of livestock. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument CHAPEL * A freestanding building, or a room or recess serving as a place of Christian worship in a church or other building. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument ORCHARD * An enclosure used for the cultivation of fruit trees. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record