Information for record number MWA9582:
Stratford-upon-Avon Medieval Planned Borough

Summary The extent of the planned settlement of Stratford upon Avon.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Market, Fair
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Stratford upon Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 20 54
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 The possible extent of the medieval settlement based on the OS map of 1886, 44NW. Amended to cover the planned settlement only
6 as per the reconstruction by T Slater.
2 Domesday lists Stratford in Pathlow Hundred. The Phillimore edition gives a grid ref. of SP2055. Ref 3,2 The Bishop (of Worcester) also holds and held Stratford. 14 1/2 hides. Land for 31 ploughs. In lordship 3 ploughs. 21 villagers with a priest and 7 smallholders have 28 ploughs. A mill at 10s and 1,000 eels; meadow 5 furlongs long and 2 furlongs wide. Value before 1066 and later 100s; now £25.
3 Archaeological observation of groundworks at the rear of 10/11 Sheep Street, Stratford-upon-Avon (centred on SP 2010 5490) recorded a series of medieval make-up layers containing 4 sherds of 13th/14th century pottery (see MWA8921).
4 Borough 1196. 1334 Subsidy £131. Market town c.1600. Market (Grant: Other) Thurs; gr 25 Jun 1196, by K Ric I to John de Coutances, bp of Worcester. On 4 Mar 1309, K Edw II granted Walter, bp of Worcester a Thurs Market. To be held at the manor. Thurs Market confirmed in the 1553 charter of incorporation. Market continued until 1818. Fair (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); feria, gr 29 Oct 1214, by K John to Walter [de Grey] bp of Worcester. To be held at the manor. On 20 Oct 1224, K Hen III granted the bp of Worcester a Fair on vfm Holy Trinity, to be held until the king came of age. On 7 May 1270, K Hen III granted Godfrey, bp of Worcester a Fair on vf+2 Holy Trinity, to be held at his manor. Although not included in any subsequent grants, a Trinity Fair was recorded in 1666. Fair (Charter) vf+2, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 1239, by K Hen III to Walter [de Cantilupe], bp of Worcester. Fair noted in the 1553 charter of incorporation. Fair (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 15 Jan 1269, by K Hen III to Master Godfrey Gyffard, bp of Worcester. Fair (Charter) vf+15 Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 4 Mar 1309 by K Edw II to Walter [Reynolds], bp of Worcester.
5 A shallow ditch of possible medieval date, and post-medieval postholes were recorded during evaluation at Chapel Lane.
6 The planned borough of Stratford as reconstructed by Terry Slater.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Domesday Book Warwickshire incl Birmingham
Author/originator: Phillimore and Co Ltd
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: The History of an English Borough- Stratford upon Avon 1196-1996
Author/originator: Bearman, R
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Union Club, 3 Chapel Lane, Stratford-Upon-Avon, Warwickshire: An Archaeological Evaluation Report
Author/originator: Daniel Eddisford
Date: 2007
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516 (Warwickshire)
Author/originator: Institute of Historical Research (CMH)
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Warwickshire
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 1st edition 6" maps. Medieval settlement evaluation.
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1880s
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Map
Title: 44NW 1:10560 1886
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1886
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 44NW
Source No: 3
Source Type: Observation Report
Title: Archaeological Observation at 10/11 Sheep Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Coutts C and Jones C
Date: 2001
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Report No 0117
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Word or Phrase
source Domesday Book The Domesday Book was commissioned in December 1085 by William the Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066. It contains records for about 13,000 medieval settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees (the border with Scotland at the time). The Domesday Book is a detailed record of the lands and their resources that belonged to the king. It also records the identity of the landholders and their tenants. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument CLUB * A building used by an association of persons for social and recreational purposes or for the promotion of some common object. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument MARKET * An open space or covered building in which cattle, goods, etc, are displayed for sale. back
monument FAIR * A site where a periodical gathering of buyers, sellers and entertainers, meet at a time ordained by charter or statute or by ancient custom. back
monument PLANNED SETTLEMENT * A settlement built to a pre-determined plan, including housing, infrastructure and associated amenities. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument CHAPEL * A freestanding building, or a room or recess serving as a place of Christian worship in a church or other building. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HIDE * A shelter, sometimes camouflaged, for the observation of birds and animals at close quarters. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument CROSS * A free-standing structure, in the form of a cross (+), symbolizing the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified and sacred to the Christian faith. Use specific type where known. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record