Information for record number MWA9925:

What Is It?  
Type: Managed Woodland, Wood
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Exhall
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 11 54
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 There are places called Grafon in ten English Counties including Warwickshire. The first syllable in this compound is now thought to be the Oold English graf, meaning Grove. Silva was absent from Grafton's manors in 1086, byt Grafton had a grove called Kingesgraue in 1247, presumably on the site of the later fields called Grove. Kingesgraue was called a grove, showing that it was woodland rather than just a place-name. The reference was in a transaction involving half an acre of land adjoining the grove. One of Grafton's open fields was called Grove field on a map of 1740 and in the enclosure award of 1814. The latter also reveals the site of the grove itself. Divided into "old enclosures" called The Grove (in Temple Grafton) and Sideless Grove and Meadow Grove (in Arden's Grafton), it was on the western edge of the parish, immediately north of the village of Arden's Grafton and adjoining Grove Hill in Exhall to the west. It seems, therefore, that the hill took its name from the grove in Grafton rather than from a grove in Exhall itself.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Monograph
Title: Woods, Wolds and Groves
Author/originator: Wager, S
Date: 1998
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument OPEN FIELD * An area of arable land with common rights after harvest or while fallow. Usually without internal divisions (hedges, walls or fences). back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument MANAGED WOODLAND * An area of cultivated, managed woodland producing wood which is used for a variety of purposes. back
monument TEMPLE * Use for places of worship. For later landscape features use, eg. GARDEN TEMPLE. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record