Information for record number MWA8865:
World War II feature: Bofors emplacement at Rugby.

Summary The remains of a Second World War gun emplacement. All that remains is the circular concrete holdfort for a Bofors gun. It is situated in a small area of ridge and furrow between Johnson Avenue and allotments north of Bilton Road, Rugby.
What Is It?  
Type: Gun Emplacement
Period: Unknown
Where Is It?  
Parish: Rugby
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 49 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Circular concrete holdfort sited in a small area of ridge and furrow between Johnson Avenue and allotments north of Bilton Road, Rugby. To the north of this is a square predictor emplacement and semi-sunk shelter. The majority of the site is half buried (WO 166/2857). The Rugby sites were manned by 313 and 314 troop, this particular emplacement was identified as EE site on the total armament list of 1940.
2 This site was one of 8 Bofors sites and 11 Lewis gun sites built in a ring to defend the vulnerable railway junction and important factories.
3 Earlier version of
1 with slightly more detail. Bofors guns were 40mm.
4 In advance of ground work for new housing a number of trial trenches followed by complete excavation of the site revealed the remaining structure of the gun emplacement. The structure was archaeologically recorded.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Letter about the Defence of Britain Project
Author/originator: Armishaw A
Date: July 2000
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Defence of Britain Project Record Form
Title: Defence of Britain Project
Author/originator: Armishaw A
Date: 04/08/2000
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Defence of Britain Project Record Form
Title: Defence of Britain Project
Author/originator: Armishaw, Adrian
Date: 1999
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: Bilton Road, Rugby, Bofors Gun Emplacement
Author/originator: Neil Phillips
Date: 2004
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Trial Trench A small regular hole that is usually square or rectangular in shape. Archaeologists dig trial trenches to discover if there are any archaeological remains at a particular location. See also excavation. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument ALLOTMENT * A share or portion of land, allotted to a person, often used for growing, vegetables, fruit, etc. back
monument SHELTER * A structure which protects an area of ground from the weather. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument GUN EMPLACEMENT * A fortified site in which a gun, mortar or cannon is positioned. back
monument SQUARE * An open space or area, usually square in plan, in a town or city, enclosed by residential and/or commercial buildings, frequently containing a garden or laid out with trees. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument RAILWAY JUNCTION * A place where two or more railway lines meet. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record