Information for record number MWA10263:
Romano British Settlement in Coleshill

Summary The site of Romano British roadside settlement in the Ennersdale road area of Coleshill.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Ditch, Rubbish Pit, Hearth, Feature
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Coleshill
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 19 90
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 An evaluation of land to the south of known Romano British settlement uncovered evidence of activity including a large pit or ditch, other rubbish pits with fill containing pottery from the 2nd - 4th centuries, a hearth/oven, and a pebbled surface. Slag and furnace lining debris indicated metal woking. The Romano British activity appears to extend further to the east than previously known, and the settlement to have been in existence from the 2nd century onwards. It was most likely a roadside settlement.
2 Excavations in July and August 2006 revealed more of the settlement. Several ditches and gullies were excavated, containing large quantities of domestic debris; these probably formed enclosures or property boundaries. Two sections of metalled road surface were recorded running roughly east to west across the site. A large number of postholes were recorded, indicating the presence of a number of buildings. A domestic oven was also excavated on the site. Final report awaited.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Archaeological Evaluation at Ennersdale Road, Coleshill
Author/originator: Thompson P
Date: 2005
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA (West Midlands Archaeology) Vol 49
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2006
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 39
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Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument OVEN * A brick, stone or iron receptacle for baking bread or other food in. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument RUBBISH PIT * A pit where domestic waste material is deposited. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FURNACE * A chamber in which minerals, metals, etc, are subjected to the continuous action of intense heat. Use specific type where known. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument HEARTH * The slab or place on which a fire is made. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument DOMESTIC * This is the top term for the class. See DOMESTIC Class List for narrow terms. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record