Information for record number MWA10279:
Evidence of medieval activity in The Square, Kenilworth

Summary Medieval features, probably associated with former dwellings on the street frontages, were uncovered to the rear of The Kings Arms and Castle Hotel, Kenilworth.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Pit, Ditch, Drain
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Kenilworth
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 28 71
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 An evaluation in advance of development uncovered evidence of medieval activity. The remains included a small ditch, a pit and a probable stone drain. These had cessy fills indicative of backyard activity and were probably associated with former dwellings on the street frontages. The finds included a pewter spoon fragment from the base of the ditch and sherds of a 12th/13th century jug with a strap handle.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Archaeological Evaluation to the rear of The Kings Arms & Castle Hotel, Kenilworth.
Author/originator: Carlyle, S
Date: 2006
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument HOTEL * A large building used for the accommodation of paying travellers and guests. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument DWELLING * Places of residence. back
monument DRAIN * An artificial channel for draining water or carrying it off. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument BACKYARD * A small yard attached to the rear of a house or other building. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record