Information for record number MWA10290:
Possible Romano-British Field System

Summary Romano-British field boundaries found during excavation in the outer enclosure of Boteler's Castle. These were possibly part of a larger field system aligned on Ryknild Street.
What Is It?  
Type: Field System?, Field Boundary
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Alcester
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 08 56
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Ditch 1001 probably represented a field boundary ditch, and another Ditch may have been part of the same Romano British field system.
2There was a scatter of residual Roman pottery and a Roman brooch from the excavations. These probably relate to a putative RB field system aligned on Ryknild Street.
3 The only excavated features of Romano-British date recorded were two gullies. These were probably field boundaries, possibly forming part of a rectilinear field system aligned on Ryknild Street. The spread of Roman material is most likely to represent domestic rubbish from a settlement in the near vicinity used for manuring the fields. Finewares among the pottery may suggest that it derived from a high status property.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: A435 Bypass, Phase 2: Part I, 1992: Boteler's Castle, Archaeological Field Evaluations.
Author/originator: Stuart Palmer
Date: 1993
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: A435 Bypass: Excavations in the Outer Bailey of Boteler's Castle: Interim Report and Post Excavation Proposal.
Author/originator: Palmer S C
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Serial
Title: Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society (TBAS) Vol 101
Author/originator: Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeology Society
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 101
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Word or Phrase
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument BOUNDARY DITCH * A ditch that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument FIELD BOUNDARY * The limit line of a field. back
monument BAILEY * The courtyard of a castle, ie. the area enclosed by the rampart or curtain. Use with wider site type where known. back
monument DOMESTIC * This is the top term for the class. See DOMESTIC Class List for narrow terms. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record