Information for record number MWA10303:
Romano-British Settlement at Abbots Salford Quarry

Summary Evidence of a Romano-British Rural Settlement found at Abbots Salford Quarry. The decision was made to exclude the site from extraction and it was subsequently reburied.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Enclosure, Cremation, Corn Drying Oven
Period: Late Iron Age - Romano-British (100 BC - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Salford Priors
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 07 49
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Observation of topsoil stripping in February-March 1994 on behalf of Alfred McAlpine construction Ltd revealed the presence of a Romano-British rural settlement covering c.3.5ha. The settlement consisted of a series of ditched enclosures, the earlier ones being curvilinear, the later rectilinear. Almost all the structural evidence was for timber buildings and very little roof tile was found. Other features located included a probable corn drying oven and two cremation burials on the south edge of the site. The pottery suggested some Iron Age activity, little in the 1st century AD, a peak of activity in the late 2nd and 3rd centuries, less in the early 4th and little in the later 4th century. The proportion of fine wares was low (c.3%) but the finds included some metalwork, suggesting a site of few pretentions but above subsistence level. After a plan of the visible features had been made it was decided to exclude the survivng area of the settlement from extraction and it was subsiquently reburied. J. Thomas and N. Palmer

Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 37 (1994)
Author/originator: White, R (ed)
Date: 1995
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 37
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Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
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monument CREMATION * A funeral rite in which the human body is burnt, usually on a pyre, leaving fragmentary charred or completely combusted remains. Often found buried, occasionally in a container associated with grave goods. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument CREMATION BURIAL * The site of the formal burial of cremated bone, sometimes 'urned' in a vessel or casket of glass, wood or, more commonly, ceramic. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument CORN DRYING OVEN * A heated stone, brick or iron chamber used for drying corn. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument DITCHED ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by one or several boundary ditches. Double index with a term to indicate the shape of the enclosure where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record