Information for record number MWA10314:
Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement at Coton Park, Rugby

Summary Iron Age and Romano-British settlement activity was recorded during evaluation and subsequent excavation at Coton Park; some of it was well preserved by the DMV.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Early Iron Age - Romano-British (800 BC - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Churchover
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 51 78
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Archaeological evaluation at Coton Park, Rugby carried out by Thames Valley Archaeological Services revealed Middle Bronze Age and Late Bronze/early Iron Age activity on the site. The evidence, however, was fairly sparse and consisted of two or three pits and a shallow ditch. Associated with these features were small quantities of pottery. There were no other features which could be dated with any degree of certainty to these periods.
2 Geophysical survey carried out.
3 The late Iron Age to Early Roman period sees the first recognisable intensive use of the landscape in this area. The Iron Age activity comprised a roundhouse set within a small sub-square enclosure, with a smaller circular enclosure to the immediate south. The Roman activity was comprised of two main elements. The first is represented by linear boundary ditches traced intermittenly across much of the site and defining at least two phases of small fields or paddocks. The second, concentrated on the southern and eastern areas, comprised a sequence of small rectangular and square enclosures.
5 Excavation Reports
6 Verbal communication

Source No: 3
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Excavation of the Deserted Medieval Village of Coton at Coton Park, Rugby
Author/originator: Maull, A
Date: 2001
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Excavation of the DMV of Coton: Illustrations and Appendices
Author/originator: Maull, A
Date: 2001
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Excavation of the DMV at Coton Park: Assessment Report and Updated Research Design
Author/originator: Maull, A
Date: 2000
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Coton Park Rugby:An Archaeological Evaluation
Author/originator: J Saunders
Date: 1997
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Geophysical Survey Report
Title: Coton Park, Rugby, geophysical survey report 96/98
Author/originator: Shiel and Stephens
Date: 1996
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 96/98
Source No: 6
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Aggregates Assessment
Author/originator: Stuart Palmer
Date: 2006
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Geophysical Survey The measuring and recording of electrical resistivity or magnetism in order to determine the existence and outline of buried features such as walls and ditches. Geophysical techniques include resistivity survey, magnetometer survey and ground penetrating radar. View Image back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Bronze Age About 2500 BC to 700 BC

The Bronze Age comes after the Neolithic period and before the Iron Age.

The day to day life of people in the Bronze Age probably changed little from how their ancestors had lived during the Neolithic period. They still lived in farmsteads, growing crops and rearing animals.

During the Bronze Age people discovered how to use bronze, an alloy of tin and copper (hence the name that has given to this era). They used it to make their tools and other objects, although they continued to use flint and a range of organic materials as well. A range of bronze axes, palstaves and spears has been found in Warwickshire.
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period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument PADDOCK * An enclosed field for horses. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE * A circular shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. back
monument PARK * An enclosed piece of land, generally large in area, used for hunting, the cultivation of trees, for grazing sheep and cattle or visual enjoyment. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument BOUNDARY DITCH * A ditch that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SQUARE ENCLOSURE * A square shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. Small square enclosures (with sides of less than c.20m) have been interpreted as the remains of square barrows of Iron Age date. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record