Information for record number MWA10321:
Romano-British Settlement 100m south west of Warmington Church

Summary Numerous finds of Roman roof tile and pottery were found during fieldwalking of a ploughed field immediately south of the church in Warmington. Geophysical Survey confirmed the presence of Prehistoric and Romano-British features. These buildings were part excavated in 2008-14
What Is It?  
Type: Artefact Scatter, Iron Working Site?, Building, Settlement, Villa?, Furnace, Pit, Ditch, Gully, Animal Burial
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Warmington
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 41 47
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Fieldwalking in the northern portion of the Field immediately to the south of the church in Warmington, uncovered numerous sherds of pottery and tile. 3 Roman Coins were also uncovered, as well as evidence of iron working. The focus of the activity appeared to be in the north and centre of the Fieldwalked area. The size and density of the roof tile would indicate a Roman building in the near vicinity. Alison Hatcher Pers Comm 30/03/2007.
2 Magnetometry revealed a complex pattern of former ditches representing land boundaries and enclosures. Earth resistance survey located structural remains probably associated with former Roman buildings. The complex and extensive nature of the magnetic anomalies suggest a long period of occupation and development. The site would fit into the relatively high density pattern of 'middle status' villas located along the Middle Lias northern fringe of the Cotswold. Many of these sites show development from the prehistoric to the late Roman periods.
3 Numerous finds discovered by metal detector including coins (one near mint), pins and an unusual belt buckle. Recorded by Angie Bolton as part of Portable Antiquities Scheme.
4 Digital Photographs showing finds from second weekend of Fieldwalking (April 2007) on the Fields north of the Herb Centre, plus some photographs of metal detecting finds.
5 Report on excavation of a Roman building at this site. Limited excavations in 2008 located two adjoining buildings set at an angle to one another, and also investigated a part of the field system. It was not possible to establish the relationship between the two buildings, one of which was represented only by robber trenches. The better preserved was a large masonry structure, internally 4m wide by at least 16m long. One 0.9m wide wall survived as only one course of local ironstone, but the parallel wall was very fragmentary. The structure had no foundations, being laid directly on the clayey-brash natural. The roof was probably covered with lias limestone tiles, from the nearby beds in the valley. It was not possible to establish either its construction or demolition date as ploughing had removed all overlying stratigraphy, and there were no finds from the structure. It was possibly an agricultural building, probably Roman, as evidenced by the quantities of Roman tile and pottery in the ploughsoil and associated features. Plan attached. This report also includes a brief section on the previous Fieldwalking conducted on this site.
6 Field walking totalling about 11ha was carried out in five Fields in the National Herb Centre on the ridge above Warmington village. Lines 20m apart were walked in 20m stints and all anthropogenic material was collected. Concentrations of Roman pottery were noted in Field 1 (the site of an excavated Roman building) and in the adjacent Field 2, and an isolated concentration was seen in Field 3. All the Fields had a scatter of Roman pottery. Ceramic roof tile, some of it Roman, was also found widely scattered, with concentrations coinciding with Roman pottery in Fields 1 and 2, but not elsewhere. A scatter of prehistoric flintwork was found on all the Fields, with a possible concentration in Field 4 at the eastern end of the ridge.
9 Over three seasons of excavations between 2010-2012 evidence for three probably consecutive buildings was identified. building 1 was the earliest and was aligned east-west and sections of the south wall and west gable end were visible as a robbed out wall to the south and a stone setting for a timber upright to the west. It is thought that this is a two bay structure 10 by 15 meters in size. Around 5m west of building 1 was building 2 which was aligned northwest southeast and 14m long by 7.5m wide. The building was partitioned in to two bays forming a double square plan. Within the building was an off-centred oven or furnace. building 3 was a rectangular building 4m wide and 18m long on a northwest-southeast alignment, and a lack of stone work or foundations would suggest a timber structure. Over the site of building 2 a yard was laid out within which was found a dog burial. Further pits, ditches and gullies were found across the site.
10 During the 2013 season of excavations it was found that there were probably four, possibly consecutive, Roman buildings. The interpretation of building 1 changed as its size suggests is could be an aisled structure, possibly a two bay building 10m wide by 15m long. building 2 was also reinterpreted as it appears to have been built on sleeper walls. To the northeast of the main excavation area a small area of pitched stone foundations is thought to indicate a fourth building.
11 The 2014 excavation season was still unable to confirm the use of the furnace found previously, due to a lack of burnt grain or ceramic or metal working debris it is though to be a lime kiln. A stretch of building foundations associated with building 4 excavated in 2013 extended the structure a further 4m and under building 3. building 2 was shown to be a square single roomed structure and the northwest side of a fifth building was located. A large pit containing significant numbers of finds was located between buildings 2 and 4. Under all the structures was a cultivation soil containing a number of Roman finds.

Source No: 7
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Warmington Herb Garden: further information by email
Author/originator: D Freke
Date: 2009
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Digital archive
Author/originator: Newman A
Date: 2007
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Geophysical Survey Report
Title: National Herb Cantre, Warmington: Magnetometer and Earth Resistance Survey
Author/originator: D Sabin
Date: 2007
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Internet Data
Title: Portable Antiquites Scheme Printouts for Warmington
Author/originator: Bolton, A.
Date: 2007
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Report a Find submission
Title: National Herb Centre, Warmington; report on work in 2008
Author/originator: D Freke
Date: 2009
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Report a Find submission
Title: National Herb Centre, Warmington: Fieldwalking 2009
Author/originator: D Freke
Date: 2009
Page Number:
Source No: 11
Source Type: Serial
Title: West Midlands Archaeology Vol 57
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2015
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: No 57
Source No: 10
Source Type: Serial
Title: West Midlands Archaeology Vol 56
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2014
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: No 56
Source No: 8
Source Type: Serial
Title: West Midlands Archaeology (WMA) vol 51
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2008
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 51
Source No: 9
Source Type: Serial
Title: West Midlands Archaeology Vol 55
Author/originator: CBA West Midlands
Date: 2013
Page Number:
There are no images associated with this record.  
back to top


Word or Phrase
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Geophysical Survey The measuring and recording of electrical resistivity or magnetism in order to determine the existence and outline of buried features such as walls and ditches. Geophysical techniques include resistivity survey, magnetometer survey and ground penetrating radar. View Image back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
more ->
period Prehistoric About 500,000 BC to 42 AD

The Prehistoric period covers all the periods from the Palaeolithic to the end of the Iron Age.
This is a time when people did not write anything down so there is no documentary evidence for archaeologists to look at. Instead, the archaeologists look at the material culture belonging to the people and the places where they lived for clues about their way of life.

The Prehistoric period is divided into the Early Prehistoric and Later Prehistoric.
The Early Prehistoric period covers the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods.
The Later Prehistoric period covers Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age times.
more ->
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
more ->
monument YARD * A paved area, generally found at the back of a house. back
monument ARTEFACT SCATTER * A spatially discrete scatter of mixed artefactual material found on the ground, seabed or riverbed which may have been deposited over time rather than resulting from one particular event. Index particular types where appropriate. back
monument ANIMAL BURIAL * Deliberate interment of a complete, or substantially complete, animal. Use the object type thesaurus term ANIMAL REMAINS where skeleton is fragmentary. back
monument HERB GARDEN * A garden for the cultivation of herbs used for medicinal or culinary purposes. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument OVEN * A brick, stone or iron receptacle for baking bread or other food in. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument ROBBER TRENCH * Use broader site type where known back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument LIME KILN * A kiln in which lime is made by calcining limestone or in some areas chalk. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument GULLY * A deep gutter, drain or sink. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FURNACE * A chamber in which minerals, metals, etc, are subjected to the continuous action of intense heat. Use specific type where known. back
monument AGRICULTURAL BUILDING * A building used for an agricultural and/or subsistence purpose. Use more specific type where known. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MAGNETOMETER * An instrument for measuring magnetic forces, especially the strength of terrestrial magnetism. back
monument VILLA * A term for a type of house, with varying definitions according to period. Roman villas were high-status and usually associated with a rural estate, whereas Georgian and later period villas were often semi-detached, town houses. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument FIELD SYSTEM * A group or complex of fields which appear to form a coherent whole. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument SQUARE * An open space or area, usually square in plan, in a town or city, enclosed by residential and/or commercial buildings, frequently containing a garden or laid out with trees. back
monument BURIAL * An interment of human or animal remains. Use specific type where known. If component use with wider site type. Use FUNERARY SITE for optimum retrieval in searches. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument IRON WORKING SITE * A site used for the production and/or working of metallic iron. back
monument STONE SETTING * An arrangement of one or more standing stones. Use particularly for isolated recumbent stones, or where original form of monument unclear. Use specific type where known. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument MINT * A place where money is coined under public authority. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record