Information for record number MWA1035:
Clifford Mill, Clifford Chambers

Summary Clifford Mill, 600m north of the church, for which there is documentary evidence from the late Medieval period. It became a forge in the Post Medieval period, and then reverted to a corn mill. The present building dates from 1853 and a chimney of auxiliary steam power survives.
What Is It?  
Type: Watermill, Corn Mill, Forge, Steam Plant
Period: Post-medieval (1540 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Stratford upon Avon
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 19 52
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

2 There was a corn mill here by 1550. In about 1670 it was demolished and an iron forge built by Francis Watts. After about 1730 the mill seems to have reverted to corn grinding. Information on ownership exists for the 19th century. The mill ceased working in c1926. The existing buildings date from 1853 when the mill was totally rebuilt. It is a three storey brick building with a centrally-placed lucam. A tall chimney stands nearby, being all that remains of a steam engine installed as auxiliary power. All the milling machinery, including the waterwheel and a turbine, was removed in 1946.
4 Leaflet with details of history.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Watermills
Author/originator: Booth D T N
Date: 1978
Page Number: 83-4
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 6, Gloucestershire
Author/originator: Elrington C R (ed)
Date: 1965
Page Number: 207, 210
Volume/Sheet: 6
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 3, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1945
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 3
Source No: 4
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: The Old Mill Fisheries, Clifford Chambers
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period Post Medieval About 1540 AD to 1750 AD (the 16th century AD to the 18th century AD)

The Post Medieval period comes after the medieval period and before the Imperial period.

This period covers the second half of the reign of the Tudors (1485 – 1603), the reign of the Stuarts (1603 – 1702) and the beginning of the reign of the Hannoverians (1714 – 1836).
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monument TURBINE * A rotary prime mover. Turbines may be steam, water or gas operated. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument STEAM ENGINE * An engine in which the mechanical force of steam is made available as a motive power for driving machinery. back
monument MACHINERY * Apparatus used for applying a mechanical force, or to perform a particular function. Use more specific type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument CORN MILL * A mill for grinding corn. Use with power type where known. back
monument STEAM PLANT * An industrial site or building where the machinery is powered by a steam engine. back
monument WATERMILL * A mill whose machinery is driven by water. back
monument CHIMNEY * Chimney used on an industrial or commercial site. back
monument FORGE * A building or site where bloom iron or cast iron is forged into wrought iron. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record