Information for record number MWA1117:
Walton Deyville Deserted Medieval Settlement

Summary The site of the deserted settlement of Walton Deyville which dates to the Medieval period. Earthworks survive showing house platforms, the main village street and hollow ways. The village is also known from documentary evidence. It was located 900m south of Walton.
What Is It?  
Type: Deserted Settlement, House Platform, Hollow Way
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Wellesbourne
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 28 52
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Marked as 'The Town' on map of 1728. Wolsey's enquiry of 1517 was told that the whole village was destroyed in 1509.
3 Archaeological evidence medium (B), excellent documentary evidence (1*).
4 Fields to S of Walton Hall are called 'Town Fields' on the Tithe Award Map and records of 'Roman' finds exist.
5 The site was surveyed in 1984. Contrary to general belief the whole of the village site had not been extensively damaged during World War II; indeed the N part remained relatively well preserved, although the E section had been levelled at some stage. Several possible house sites could be identified and the village street could discerned running between platforms. There are signs that it continued SE to form a hollow way which probably ran to ford the stream. There are further platforms N of this road which may represent an extension to the village. Recent damage was caused by the construction of a bund to contain slurry from adjacent fishponds. This entirely removed evidence of furrows running down to the river on the NW of the site and it is uncertain whether these were croft boundaries or plough furrows. Quantities of Medieval pottery and glazed floor tiles were found in the bund. The documentary evidence suggests that Walton Deyville was a large village, although shrinkage began at an early date. In 1279 there were 33 cottages, but by 1327 only twelve taxpayers. In 1509 thirteen cottages were 'allowed to fall into ruin' and 40 people 'withdrew'.
7 Finds brought in included four possible Roman sherds (PRN 1120), c100 Medieval sherds and about fifteen pieces of tile.
9 Description as for source
10 Correspondence about the DMV before the conversion of the Hall.
11 The village street remains clearly visible on aerial photographs taken in 1999, but the construction of a north-south bund to contain silt from adjacent fishponds sometime between 1975 and 1984 has damaged the ridge and furrow/croft boundaries and possibly some house sites that were visible to the west of the village street. Mapped as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS Target Areas NMP.
12 Google Earth (GE) 1999 shows a large grassed area of spoil dumped to the west of the main village street. GE 2006 and 2007 show fresh dumping of soil to the east of the main village street during construction work a the hotel. EA lidar shows a few more earthworks than planned, including some to both the east and west of the modern trackway (around SP 287 523) and some around SP 287 521. Vboundary of the HER polygon altered to include NMP and lidar data.

Source No: 8
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP2661 and SP2662
Author/originator: Various
Date: Various
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP2661AB-AC SP2662A-
Source No: 9
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: MVRG
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1984
Page Number: 11
Volume/Sheet: 32
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: DMVs of England
Author/originator: Beresford M, Hurst J
Date: 1971
Page Number: Plate 2
Source No: 10
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Walton Deyville
Author/originator: Farr, M
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Walton, Wellesbourne
Author/originator: D Hooke
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Source No: 11
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Amanda Dickson
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Plan
Title: WMA vol 27
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1984
Page Number: 63
Volume/Sheet: 27
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 25NE6
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1968
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 66
Author/originator: Beresford M W
Date: 1945
Page Number: 99
Volume/Sheet: 66
Source No: 5
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 27
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1984
Page Number: 113
Volume/Sheet: 27
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Deserted Medieval Villages Research Group
Date: 1958
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 6
Source No: 12
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: Pers. Comm.
Author/originator: B Gethin
Date: 2013 onwards
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
source MVRG Reports of the Medieval Village Research Group, (now known as the Medieval Settlement Research Group) comprising reports about research and field work carried out throughout Britain. The report is published once each year. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Modern The Modern Period, about 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period modern About 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
more ->
monument HOTEL * A large building used for the accommodation of paying travellers and guests. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FISHPOND * A pond used for the rearing, breeding, sorting and storing of fish. back
monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument FLOOR * A layer of stone, brick or boards, etc, on which people tread. Use broader site type where known. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument PLATFORM * Unspecified. Use specific type where known. back
monument CROFT * An enclosed piece of land adjoining a house. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument SIGN * A board, wall painting or other structure displaying advice, giving information or directions back
monument TRACKWAY * A pathway, not necessarily designed as such, beaten down by the feet of travellers. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument TARGET * Any structure or object, used for the purpose of practice shooting by aerial, seaborne or land mounted weapons. back
monument TOWN * An assemblage of public and private buildings, larger than a village and having more complete and independent local government. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument FORD * A shallow place in a river or other stretch of water, where people, animals and vehicles may cross. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record