Information for record number MWA1149:
Second World War searchlight battery, Loxley

Summary The site of a Second World War searchlight battery. It was discovered during the excavation of a pipeline. It was situated 1km north west of Wellesbourne Wood, near Loxley.
What Is It?  
Type: Searchlight Battery
Period: Unknown
Where Is It?  
Parish: Charlecote
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 25 54
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 A gas pipeline was scheduled to cut a 24m swathe through a 'triple ring ditch and henge monument' at the above grid reference.
2 Excavation proved the features to be the site of a war-time searchlight battery.
3 Transcript of aerial photographs showing three battery sites, including Loxley.
4 The Second World War searchlight battery is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs accessible) and has been mapped as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP survey. The battery is located south of Moor Meadow, Wellesbourne and is defined as two adjacent ring ditches that measure about 16m across, with entrances on the northwest sides. The searchlight was removed and levelled before April 1944. This searchlight battery was one of many that were strategically placed to form Indicator and Killer zones across the country to enable effective defence for the night fighters by aiding identification of enemy aircraft targets at night, prior to the development of radar.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Gas pipeline Churchover - Wormington
Author/originator: Various
Date: 1971
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Amanda Dickson
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Note
Title: Searchlight battery at Hunscote
Author/originator: WJF
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: Searchlight batteries
Page Number:
A Second World War searchlight battery visible as a cropmark near Loxley
Copyright: WA Baker
Date: 1971
Click here for larger image  
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Word or Phrase
technique Cropmark Cropmarks appear as light and dark marks in growing and ripening crops. These marks relate to differences in the soil below. For example, parched lines of grass may indicate stone walls. Crops that grow over stone features often ripen more quickly and are shorter than the surrounding crop. This is because there is less moisture in the soil where the wall lies.

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technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
monument HENGE * Circular or sub-circular enclosure defined by a bank and (usually internal) ditch, with one or two (rarely more) entrances. Of ceremonial/ritual function, they contain a variety of internal features including timber or stone circles. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument SEARCHLIGHT BATTERY * A site in which one or more searchlights were positioned to locate enemy aircraft or surface vessels for the benefit of batteries and night fighter aircraft. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument WOOD * A tract of land with trees, sometimes acting as a boundary or barrier, usually smaller and less wild than a forest. back
monument RING DITCH * Circular or near circular ditches, usually seen as cropmarks. Use the term where the function is unknown. Ring ditches may be the remains of ploughed out round barrows, round houses, or of modern features such as searchlight emplacements. back
monument AIRCRAFT * An aircraft, either whole or in part. Aircraft often survive as commemorative monuments, gate guardians or crash sites. back
monument PIPELINE * A conduit or pipes, used primarily for conveying petroleum from oil wells to a refinery, or for supplying water to a town or district, etc. back
monument MEADOW * A piece of grassland, often near a river, permanently covered with grass which is mown for use as hay. back
monument TARGET * Any structure or object, used for the purpose of practice shooting by aerial, seaborne or land mounted weapons. back
monument BATTERY * A site where guns, mortars or searchlights are mounted. Use specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record