Information for record number MWA1174:
Brookhampton Deserted Settlement

Summary The Medieval deserted settlement of Brookhampton. The remains are visible as earthworks, which particularly reveal the foundations of the houses. The village is also known from documentary evidence. It was located north of Butlers Marston.
What Is It?  
Type: Deserted Settlement, House Platform
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Combrook
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 31 50
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 In Rous' list there was a Poor Law dispute in 1663. The earthworks are clear, including some fishponds (PRN 1176). A mill is also recorded (PRN 1175).
2 Excellent archaeology (A*). Period of desertion known but documentary evidence inferior in quantity (1).
3 In field centred on SP3150 an area of disturbance is bisected by a modern track, a few disconnected banks and what may be fragmentary foundations can be seen, although unsurveyable.
4 Brookhampton is the only site in the county which presents recognisable house foundations. A number of two-roomed houses can be recognised here, but the characteristic opposing doorways and cross passages which would place them in the longhouse category seem to be absent.
5 This site warrants further work and may prove to be worth scheduling. The comment in reference
4 is no longer valid as house foundations have been found on a few other sites.
6 This site is still the best example of visible house foundations.
7 Field survey observations from 1977: village earthworks clearly visible between railway track and River Dene. A deep leat runs around upper side of village site and leads down to the river.
8 site scheduled in 2000.
9 The site of the deserted medieval settlement of Brookhampton is centred at SP 3176 5060, roughly 220m to the NNW of Butlers Marston. It occupies a SSW-facing hillside above the River Dene. The remains as visible on aerial photographs extend across an area measuring approximately 360m east to west and 250m north to south. aerial photographs ranging in date from 1945 to 2007 clearly show extant earthworks visible as turf-covered banks and ditches in the field to the west and north of Brookhampton Farm. In some of the photographs the banks are additionally visible as parch marks. It should be noted that this does not automatically imply underlying stonework, as sometimes parch marks can be produced by banks or in some cases changes in the soil type or underlying geology. In this case it is not thought that the regular banks and parch marks seen predominately on orientations of north to south and east to west are anything other than man-made; but it is likely that some of them consist of banks, as well as others possibly of stone. Two ponds thought to have been the original fishponds of the medieval settlement are clearly visible on aerial photographs between Brookhampton Farm and the disused railway. These have not been mapped from the aerial photographs as they have already been recorded on both historic and modern maps. All other features have been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds HLS NMP project.

Source No: 5
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP2661 and SP2662
Author/originator: Various
Date: Various
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP2661AB-AC SP2662A-
Source No: 4
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS vol 86
Author/originator: Bond C J
Date: 1974
Page Number: 94
Volume/Sheet: 86
Source No: 9
Source Type: Desk Top Study
Title: SE Warwickshire and Cotswolds NMP Project
Author/originator: Josephine Janik
Date: 2010-2012
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Descriptive Text
Title: Field Survey in the Stratford Area
Author/originator: Hooke D
Date: 1977(?)
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field Survey
Source No: 3
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 25NE6
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1968
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 66
Author/originator: Beresford M W
Date: 1945
Page Number: 99
Volume/Sheet: 66
Source No: 8
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Medieval settlement at Brookhampton
Author/originator: EH
Date: 2000
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Deserted Medieval Villages Research Group
Date: 1958
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 6
Source No: 6
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Brookhampton
Author/originator: C Dyer
Date: 1990
Page Number:
The deserted settlement of Brookhampton visible as a series of earthworks
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1993
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Field Survey The term ‘field survey’ is used to describe all work that does not disturb archaeological deposits below the ground through an excavation. Field survey techniques involve recording measurements that help archaeologists draw plans or diagrams of archaeological features. There are a variety of different field survey techniques, including geophysical survey, building recording survey, field walking survey, landscape survey and earthwork survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Modern The Modern Period, about 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period modern About 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
more ->
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FISHPOND * A pond used for the rearing, breeding, sorting and storing of fish. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument POND * A body of still water often artificially formed for a specific purpose. Use specifc type where known. back
monument LONGHOUSE * A building that housed humans and cattle under one roof, with a shared entrance providing access to the cattle housing (usually downslope) and the dwelling area. back
monument DESERTED SETTLEMENT * An abandoned settlement, usually of the Medieval period, often visible only as earthworks or on aerial photographs. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument LEAT * Artificial water channel, usually leading to a mill. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument CROSS * A free-standing structure, in the form of a cross (+), symbolizing the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified and sacred to the Christian faith. Use specific type where known. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument RAILWAY * A line or track consisting of iron or steel rails, on which passenger carriages or goods wagons are moved, usually by a locomotive engine. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record