Information for record number MWA1212:
Site of Watermill on the River Alne 400m north-east of Hobditch Coppice

Summary A survey of the earthworks at this site suggests that this was possibly the site of a watermill with an associated millpond, hollow way and ford. The remains are all undated. They are situated on the River Alne at Ullenhall.
What Is It?  
Type: Watermill, Hollow Way, Ford, Pond
Period: Unknown
Where Is It?  
Parish: Tanworth in Arden
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 13 69
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 A field which falls away sharply on three sides contains what at first appears to be a large platform. On one side is a hollow way. The NW and SW sides appear to be the bank of a large, now dry, pool. If this is so there must have been an obstruction in the river at this point. At one point the river doubles back on itself and almost forms an island. There is no documentary evidence to suggest a mill, but the survey evidence indicates that there may well have been.
2 The pool (PRN 1211) could have provided water for a mill. Several mills are recorded from 1303 onwards on the River Anker.
3 The hollow way leads from the Tanworth Road and could have served a watermill at this point.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: SAG
Author/originator: Ratcliffe J
Date: 1974
Page Number: 'The Dingles'
Volume/Sheet: 3
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: SAG
Author/originator: Perry J
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 4
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: PJA
Date: 1979
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 1234
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Word or Phrase
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
monument POOL * A small body of water, either natural or artificial. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument POND * A body of still water often artificially formed for a specific purpose. Use specifc type where known. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument PLATFORM * Unspecified. Use specific type where known. back
monument ISLAND * A piece of land, sometimes man-made, completely surrounded by water. back
monument WATERMILL * A mill whose machinery is driven by water. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument FORD * A shallow place in a river or other stretch of water, where people, animals and vehicles may cross. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record