Information for record number MWA1605:
Preston Bagot Mill

Summary Preston Bagot Mill, the partial remains of a watermill for which there is documentary evidence from the Medieval period to the 20th century. Traces of the mill race survive. The Mill is 200m northwest of Warwick Road Bridge.
What Is It?  
Type: Watermill, Mill Race, Mill
Period: Medieval - Modern (1066 AD - 2050 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Preston Bagot
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 17 65
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 There was a mill at Preston Bagot in 1086 valued at 16s. In c1200 Simon Bagot gave two mills (see also PRN 1604), with "the multure of his households and his men of Preston, with right of way, and a strip of land seven feet wide along one bank of the stream for repairing the mill pond" to the Abbey of Reading. In 1291 the Abbey valued these mills at 10s. It is unclear whether this mill or PRN 1604 was extant in 1086. The Throckmorton family owned the mills until the beginning of the 17th century when the ownership was divided. The mill was still working in 1927 but eventually the buildings were converted for use as a house and restaurant. The mill was greatly altered by this conversion, the roof of the cottage was raised to the level of the mill roof, and many windows were inserted. There was an external overshot waterwheel on the road side of the building. The mill leat which fed the wheel can be traced back upstream to the site of another mill (PRN 1604).
2 The mill house probably on the site of the lower mill is still standing, just north of the bridge. It has recently been converted into cottages by the lord of the manor.
3 The mill house is no longer extant. The present "mill Cottage" stands on the site. Two millstones were seen in the garden. The waterwheel has not survived. The mill race to the south of the cottage has been partially filled in, while it survives in the cottage gardens to the north.

Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Warwickshire Watermills
Author/originator: Booth D T N
Date: 1978
Page Number: 83-4
Source No: 2
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 3, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1945
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 3
Source No: 3
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Wright S M
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 1617
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Word or Phrase
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
period Modern The Modern Period, about 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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period modern About 1915 AD to the present (the 20th and 21st centuries AD)

In recent years archaeologists have realised the importance of recording modern sites. They do this so that in the future people will be able to look at the remains to help them understand the events to which they are related.
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monument MILL RACE * The channel of water that provides a current of water to drive a millwheel. back
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument MILL POND * The area of water retained above a mill dam for driving a mill. back
monument MILL HOUSE * The residence of a miller, often attached to a mill. back
monument ABBEY * A religious house governed by an abbot or abbess. Use with narrow terms of DOUBLE HOUSE, MONASTERY or NUNNERY. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument BRIDGE * A structure of wood, stone, iron, brick or concrete, etc, with one or more intervals under it to span a river or other space. Use specific type where known. back
monument LEAT * Artificial water channel, usually leading to a mill. back
monument COTTAGE GARDEN * An informal garden attached to a cottage where flowers, vegetables and fruit trees are grown. back
monument MANOR * An area of land consisting of the lord's demesne and of lands from whose holders he may exact certain fees, etc. back
monument ROAD BRIDGE * A bridge carrying a road over land or water. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WATERMILL * A mill whose machinery is driven by water. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument MILLSTONE * One of a pair of large circular stones used for grinding corn in a mill. back
monument RESTAURANT * A place where refreshments or meals may be obtained. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record