Information for record number MWA1659:
Site of Roman Tile Kilns 400m SE of Dennis Farm

Summary The site of several Roman tile kilns which were excavated. They were situated 400m south east of Dennis Farm.
What Is It?  
Type: Tile Kiln, Kiln
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Nuneaton and Bedworth
District: Nuneaton and Bedworth, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 89
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Located during ploughing in 1964. Subsequent magnetometer survey produced a kiln. The site is in an elevated and well-drained location with clay and a water source close by. The kiln has a firing chamber with cross walls, a main flue and stoke holes. After abandonment the kiln was filled in. At a later date a trench cut the stoke hole; this was perhaps to form part of a second kiln, which was abandoned and then filled with rubbish. Pottery is probably of 2nd-3rd century date. The kiln was producing tegulae, imbrex, box-flue and flat tiles. Found in the topsoil was a fairly well-preserved long cross penny of Henry III (PRN 5143).
2 A further area was stripped revealing a well-preserved kiln (kiln 2) superimposed on a further kiln (kiln 3) of similar form to the original kiln. Both kilns were tile kilns, associated pottery indicated abandonment of kiln 2 in early 4th century. Eight stone-packed post holes possibly indicate the location of a workshop or drying shed. In the ash layer of kiln 2 a small bronze wire bracelet was found.
5 Ongoing excavation reports.
6 Interim report.
7 Mentioned.

Source No:
Source Type: Index
Title: Keele University Index Card
Author/originator: Keele University
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 10 1967
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1967
Page Number: 19-20
Volume/Sheet: 10
Source No: 3
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS, no 8, 1965
Author/originator: Gould, J (ed)
Date: 1965
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 8
Source No: 4
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 9 (1966)
Author/originator: CBA Group 8
Date: 1966
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 6
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 13 (1970)
Author/originator: Rahtz, P (ed)
Date: 1970
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 13
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 87
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1975
Page Number: 57-67
Volume/Sheet: 87
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 84
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1971
Page Number: 7-17
Volume/Sheet: 84
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Word or Phrase
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Magnetometer Survey A magnetometer survey measures the earth's magnetic field and the effects that structures in the ground may have on it. For example, walls, pits and trenches might display different levels of magnetism than the surrounding ground. These differences can affect the readings taken during the survey. Once the readings have been recorded they are plotted out to produce a plan of features that exist below the ground. See also geophysical survey. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument UNIVERSITY * A group of colleges and associated buildings belonging to a university. back
monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument KILN * A furnace or oven for burning, baking or drying. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FLUE * A passageway, duct or pipe use for the conveyance of heat, gasses, smoke or air. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument WORKSHOP * A building or room used for small scale manufacture. Use more specific term where possible. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument SHED * A slight structure built for shelter or storage, or for use as a workshop, either attached as a lean-to to a permanent building or separate. Use more specific type where known. back
FIRING CHAMBER * A protected chamber for investigating the controlled detonation and burning of explosive compounds, typically associated with a protected control room and high speed visual recording facilities. back
monument CROSS * A free-standing structure, in the form of a cross (+), symbolizing the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified and sacred to the Christian faith. Use specific type where known. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back
monument TILE KILN * A structure in which pottery tiles were baked. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record