Information for record number MWA1836:
Excav of Iron Age Sett'mt 600m SW of Brandon Wd Fm

Summary Aerial photographs showed evidence of a double ditched enclosure and a linear feature. The site was part excavated prior to gravel extraction. Iron Age pits and post holes were uncovered. The site is 400m northeast of Brandon Marsh Nature Reserve.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Enclosure, Linear Feature, Pit, Post Hole
Period: Iron Age (800 BC - 42 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Brandon and Bretford
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 39 75
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 Air photograph.
2 Subrectangular double-ditched enclosure with associated linear feature shows on air photograph.
3 The site lies on Baginton-Lillington gravels. A salvage excavation was mounted in 1970 in advance of destruction by gravel-quarrying. Sections were cut across the enclosure at six points and a number of internal features examined. The enclosure is about 0.69 ha with an entrance to the W. The ditch was 3.7m to 5.8m wide and 1.5m to 2m deep. In addition four areas were opened inside the enclosure. Area A produced three pits, a post hole and a ditch; Area B produced three pits, a gully and a post hole; Area C produced a pit and area D a number of pits and post holes. The main phase is Iron Age, although there was also evidence of Anglo Saxon settlement (PRN 5653). Finds include four halves of rotary querns and a fragment of (hand) rotary quern, a fragment of triangular clay loomweight, hand-made pottery in 'sandy' fabrics.
4 A double-ditched subrectangular enclosure mapped from aerial photography as part of the English Heritage (EH) National Mapping Project (NMP) A fainter rectangular enclosure was also evident 130m to the north east of the double-ditched feature.
5 Field record sheet. site visit undertaked as gravel extraction being extended west. Possible ditch complex observed and find of ?Samian ware lid was reported.

Source No: 4
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP3975 Frame 1
Author/originator: J Pickering
Date: 21 July 1969
Page Number: Frame 1
Volume/Sheet: SP3975
Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Author/originator: J Pickering
Date: 1962
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP4489 C/D/E/X
Source No: 3
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: Brandon Grounds
Author/originator: Bateman J
Date: 1978
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: Brandon
Author/originator: WM
Date: 1971
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Field record sheet
Source No: 2
Source Type: Verbal communication
Title: R.C. Hingley personal comments
Author/originator: R C Hingley
Page Number:
Plan of an Iron Age settlement, Brandon & Bretford
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1996
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Word or Phrase
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument DOUBLE DITCHED ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by two parallel ditches. Use with specific shaped enclosure where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument DITCHED ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by one or several boundary ditches. Double index with a term to indicate the shape of the enclosure where known. back
monument RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE * A rectangular shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. back
monument GULLY * A deep gutter, drain or sink. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument NATURE RESERVE * Area of land set aside and managed for the preservation of flora, fauna, their natural habitats and physical features. back
monument LINEAR FEATURE * A length of straight, curved or angled earthwork or cropmark of uncertain date or function. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument MARSH * A low lying area of land that is usually waterlogged at all times and is flooded in wet weather. back
monument SUBRECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE * A monument consisting of an area enclosed by a ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier, where the barrier follows an almost rectangular course. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record