Information for record number MWA2655:
Iron Age Hillfort at Camp Hill, Beausale.

Summary An Iron Age earthwork, probably a hillfort. The ramparts can still be traced. The site is located 800m south east of Beausale.
What Is It?  
Type: Hillfort, Earthwork, Rampart
Period: Iron Age (800 BC - 42 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Beausale
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 24 70
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 A somewhat worn earthwork with an extensive prospect situated on Camp Hill. A farmhouse stands just within its W end. In form it is roughly egg-shaped with its broadest end towards the W; it has a raised interior plateau of about 1.3 ha, which is surrounded by a rampart now much worn; beyond this is a wide ditch, evidently far less deep than it once was, and outside the latter remains of a second rampart are discernible, especially on the N and E. Some parts of the ditch contain water. The defences have been damaged by natural denudation and agriculture. A plan of 1837 show the outer bank encircling about two thirds of the camp and a map made probably a few years later shows the outer bank as intact along the whole of the N and E.
2 On the SE side the remains of a subterranean chamber were discovered some years ago.
3 In 1545 John Coppe had a lease of a messuage and a close called Ruytons Bury, or round Table. The earthwork is still called round Table.
4 Scheduled as Ancient Monument Warwickshire No 21.
5 A small Iron Age work mutilated by farming. No entrance can be traced but Camphill farm possibly occupies the original entrance. 1976: The earthwork occupies a promontary with slopes on the N, S and E sides. The interior is cultivated. The main rampart is now reduced to a scarp slope 2.5m high with traces of a ditch on the SW side. On the N and E there is a berm 12m wide and an outer scarp 2m high, on the E an outer ditch 0.6m deep.
7 "Mr F R M Phelps' sons have been very actively engaged during their vacation in delving up on the sites of the Roman camps.... Messrs Phelps' labours at the site of the Roman camp at Beausale have been rewarded by the discovery of two gold pins."
8 SAM List 1994.
9 Correspondence about a planning application for an extension to a property on the western edge of the monument.
10 Plans that relate to

Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 3, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Salzman L F (ed)
Date: 1945
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 3
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Victoria County History, vol 1, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Doubleday H A & Page W (eds)
Date: 1904
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 1
Source No: 9
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Beausale Camp
Author/originator: Cave-Brown-Cave, Anthony, architect.
Date: 1980-3
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Newspaper/Magazine Article
Title: Iron Age Hillfort, Beausale
Date: 1922
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Newspaper Cutting
Source No: 10
Source Type: Plan
Title: Camphill Farmhouse, Beausale
Author/originator: Cave-Brown-Cave, Anthony, architect.
Date: 1979-80
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 47NW21
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1971
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 47NW21
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: JBAA
Author/originator: Burgess J T
Date: 1873
Page Number: 41
Source No: 6
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 86
Author/originator: Thomas N
Date: 1974
Page Number: 32
Volume/Sheet: 86
Source No: 8
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Hillfort at Camp Hill, Beausale
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Beausale Camp
Author/originator: Ministry of Works/DoE
Page Number:
A possible Iron Age hillfort, Beausale
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1996
Click here for larger image  
back to top


Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source JBAA The Journal of the British Archaeological Association. The British Archaeological Association was set up in 1843 to promotes the study of archaeology, art and architecture. Their journal contains papers about research on art, archaeology, architecture and antiquities of Roman to Post Medieval date. It is published anually. back
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Iron Age About 800 BC to 43 AD

The Iron Age comes after the Bronze Age and before the Roman period. It is a time when people developed the skills and knowledge to work and use iron, hence the name ‘Iron Age’ which is given to this period. Iron is a much tougher and more durable metal than bronze but it also requires more skill to make objects from it. People continued to use bronze during this period.
more ->
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument FARMHOUSE * The main dwelling-house of a farm, it can be either detached from or attached to the working buildings. back
monument RAMPART * A protective earthen mound, often the main defence of a fortification. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument BERM * A horizontal surface separating the base of a rampart or earthwork from an associated ditch or moat. Can also refer to a continuously sloping bank of earth against a wall, as in a fortified city wall. back
monument ROUND * A small, Iron Age/Romano-British enclosed settlement found in South West England. back
monument HILLFORT * A hilltop enclosure bounded by one or more substantial banks, ramparts and ditches. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MESSUAGE * A dwelling-house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument SCARP * A steep bank or slope. In fortifications, the bank or wall immediately in front of and below the rampart. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record