Information for record number MWA2680:
Site of Roman Settlement to E of Oak Farm

Summary Part excavation of a Roman settlement uncovered various features and finds. These included wells and/or pits containing Roman pottery, occupational and building debris, coins and a brooch. The site is located 200m southeast of the church at Baginton.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement, Well, Pit
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Baginton
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 At the S end of Baginton a gravel pit was examined by J H Edwards, who discovered some Roman sherds in the topsoil. On the face of the gravel pit a pit or well about 0.9m in diameter and 3m deep was noticed. This contained Roman pottery. well 2, a few metres to the W, was stone-lined, 0.9m in diameter and 4.6m deep. It was built on a square frame composed of four substantial oak beams. Several fragments of pottery, roofing tile, flue tile, dressed sandstone and a mortar were found. On the opposite side of the gravel-pit a rubbish-pit 1.2m wide and 1.1m deep was excavated. The pottery from well 1 was 1st century in date. A 1st century piece of pottery was found in the rubbish pit, with a bronze brooch. The scattered pottery from the site is 1st - 4th century in date and coins of Nero and Galienus were found.
5 A trench was recently put down in the area of these finds, but failed to locate any trace of occupation. It is believed by the excavator to lie outside the limit of occupation on the plateau.
6 Some of the finds are in Coventry Museum.

Source No: 3
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: A Summary of the Finds of Romano-British Material at Baginton, Warwickshire
Author/originator: Edwards, J.H.
Date: 1951
Page Number: 144-9
Volume/Sheet: 2:5
Source No: 1
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: TBAS vol 54
Author/originator: PBC
Date: 1929
Page Number: 63-5
Volume/Sheet: 54
Source No: 4
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 29NE1
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1967
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 29NE1
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: PCDNHSS vol 1 no 1 (Proceedings of the Coventry District Natural History and Scientific Society)
Author/originator: Edwards J and Shotton F
Date: 1930
Page Number: 15
Volume/Sheet: 1:1
Source No: 6
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Thomson D J
Date: 1983
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 4402
Source No: 5
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Rylatt M
Date: 1983
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 2950
There are no images associated with this record.  
back to top


Word or Phrase
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
more ->
period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
more ->
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument RUBBISH PIT * A pit where domestic waste material is deposited. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FLUE * A passageway, duct or pipe use for the conveyance of heat, gasses, smoke or air. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WELL * A shaft or pit dug in the ground over a supply of spring-water. back
monument MUSEUM * A building, group of buildings or space within a building, where objects of value such as works of art, antiquities, scientific specimens, or other artefacts are housed and displayed. back
monument GRAVEL PIT * A steep-sided pit formed by, and for, the extraction of gravel. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument SQUARE * An open space or area, usually square in plan, in a town or city, enclosed by residential and/or commercial buildings, frequently containing a garden or laid out with trees. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record