Information for record number MWA2691:
Roman settlement

Summary The possible site of a Roman settlement. During an excavation post holes, the remains of a stone wall and a possible enclosure were found. The site is located 300m east of Baginton Castle.
What Is It?  
Type: Settlement
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Baginton
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Work started on an unoccupied garden site behind the school house. Results up to date are a complex of small post holes with later pits. Among other pits found one was Roman. Part of a dry wall was excavated and pottery of Roman and Medieval date was found.
2 Work continued. Further scraping has revealed 'innumerable' stake holes which suggest a circular enclosure about 3m across and a complex of other features. The earliest pottery seems to be early Roman.
3 An adjacent area has been opened. Most of the finds were probably Medieval or later, although Roman sherds were found.
4 Further excavation may indicate that Roman pottery was brought to the site with the stones used for walls and post packing, as was a Roman boot sole.
5 The excavation was completed. Two pits contained Roman pottery and flints. Exploration of the further extension of the (stone) wall was uncompleted but Roman pottery was abundant in the lower layers.
6 The recording of these 'digs' was minimal and should not be relied on.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: WMANS
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1964
Page Number: 6
Volume/Sheet: 7
Source No: 4
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: WMANS
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1966
Page Number: 5
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 5
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: WMANS
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1967
Page Number: 11
Volume/Sheet: 10
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: WMANS
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1963
Page Number: 5
Volume/Sheet: 6
Source No: 3
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS, no 8, 1965
Author/originator: Gould, J (ed)
Date: 1965
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 8
Source No: 6
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: SMR Card
Author/originator: Thomson D J
Date: 1983
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: PRN 4402
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Word or Phrase
source SMR Card Sites and Monuments Record Card. The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record began to be developed during the 1970s. The details of individual archaeological sites and findspots were written on record cards. These record cards were used until the 1990s, when their details were entered on to a computerised system. The record cards are still kept at the office of the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE * A circular shaped area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or similar barrier. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument STAKE HOLE * A hole in the ground which has been created by driving or hammering an upright stake into the ground. As a feature of some archaeological sites they may often represent the only surviving evidence for the former presence of an above-ground structure. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument GARDEN * An enclosed piece of ground devoted to the cultivation of flowers, fruit or vegetables and/or recreational purposes. Use more specific type where known. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back
monument SCHOOL HOUSE * A building appropriated by a school for the purpose of teaching pupils. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record