Information for record number MWA2694:
Site of Shrunken Medieval Settlement

Summary The site of a Medieval shrunken village. The remains of house platforms and a hollow way are visible as earthworks. The site is located to the east of Baginton Castle.
What Is It?  
Type: Shrunken Village, Building
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Baginton
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 34 74
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Picture(s) attached


Source Number  

1 During the excavation of the castle trial holes were dug at various likely places without producing evidence for other buildings. There were however traces of buildings between the church and the castle. Foundations of a large building, mainly of dry-coursed stone, were found extending over a large area, with many broken roof-tiles. The building appears to have been a wooden one on stone foundations, but was destroyed by gravel digging before a complete survey could be made.
2 Various Medieval features were observed in the section of the gravel pit which extends from the castle to the church. At the E end traces of a building (d) were traced resting on a layer which produced 13th century pottery. A second possible Medieval building (c) and a third which was associated with a ditch (dd) produced pottery. Traces of a road were found close by and pottery, tile, bone, an arrowhead and a silver penny of Richard II found. A fourth building (a) had stone foundations and a ceramic tile roof and was associated with 14th century and 15th century pottery. Medieval pottery has been brought to the writer from wasteland S of the church between the stoneleigh footpath and the field. It is plain that evidence for Medieval Baginton should be sought SE and SW of the church.
3 Scheduled as 'an area of house platforms' between the castle and the church.
4 Shrunken settlement remains surveyed, associated remains include a terrace and a series of drainage gullies, presumably connected with the Medieval settlement. Components of the site include: a continuation of the main east west street as a hollow way, a probable boundary bank, building/house platforms and a terrace which seems likely to have been the Medieval road to the castle.
5 Scheduling amended in 1994.
6 Scheduling record from 1980.
7 Extended area scheduled 1982.

Source No: 8
Source Type: Archaeological Report
Title: Baginton Medieval Village
Author/originator: Rahtz P
Date: 1971
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: TBAS vol 87
Author/originator: Wilkins G G
Date: 1975
Page Number: 111-127
Volume/Sheet: 87
Source No: 4
Source Type: Evaluation Report
Title: Survey of Earthworks adjacent to Baginton Castle
Author/originator: Moore P, Lines G and Palmer N
Date: 1993
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 69
Author/originator: Edwards J H
Date: 1953
Page Number: 44-49
Volume/Sheet: 69
Source No: 6
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Medieval settlement adjacent to the Castle, Baginton
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Medieval settlement adjacent to Castle, Baginton
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1982
Page Number:
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Baginton Castle, associated settlement remains, ponds and mill stes
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Medieval settlement adjacent to the castle, Baginton
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1986
Page Number:
Plan of earthworks of Medieval settlement adjacent to Baginton Castle
Copyright: Warwickshire County Council
Date: 1993
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument LAYER * An archaeological unit of soil in a horizontal plane which may seal features or be cut through by other features. back
monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument BOUNDARY BANK * An earthen bank that indicates the limit of an area or a piece of land. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument SHRUNKEN VILLAGE * A settlement where previous house sites are now unoccupied, but often visible as earthworks, crop or soil marks. back
monument MILL * A factory used for processing raw materials. Use more specific mill type where known. See also TEXTILE MILL, for more narrow terms. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument POND * A body of still water often artificially formed for a specific purpose. Use specifc type where known. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument CASTLE * A fortress and dwelling, usually medieval in origin, and often consisting of a keep, curtain wall and towers etc. back
monument FIELD * An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation or the grazing of livestock. back
monument GRAVEL PIT * A steep-sided pit formed by, and for, the extraction of gravel. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument HOUSE PLATFORM * An area of ground on which a house is built. A platform is often the sole surviving evidence for a house. back
monument FOOTPATH * A path for pedestrians only. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back
monument TERRACE * A row of houses attached to and adjoining one another and planned and built as one unit. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record