Information for record number MWA3079:
Kites Hardwick Shrunken Medieval Settlement

Summary The Medieval shrunken village of Kites Hardwick. The village is known from documentary evidence and some features are visible as earthworks. The site is located to the south of Kites Hardwick.
What Is It?  
Type: Shrunken Village
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Leamington Hastings
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 47 68
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Rous' list has a Kyght Herdwyck. Sites with this name exist in both Tysoe and Leamington Hastings. Beresford considered that Rous' Site was probably the Tysoe settlement.
2 In the Lay Subsidy Roll of 1332 Herdewyk appears with a taxable population of nine, possibly indicating a total population of about 80.
3 The Site was surveyed in 1973 and enclosures and possible hollow ways were evident.
4 Site visit 15/01/92 in connection with planning application for new access and road. The owner recalled that part of the Site had been excavated by an 'archaeological society' (?Southam Local History Group) in the 1970s, but that nothing of significance had been discovered.
5 Letter about the Site.
6 Letter from 1973.
7 Record card with notes on the Site.

Source No: 5
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Kites Hardwick
Author/originator: Usher, H.
Date: 1973
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Kites Hardwick
Author/originator: James (Bond ?)
Date: 1973
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Note
Title: Kites Hardwick
Author/originator: Hodgson J C
Date: 1992
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Note
Title: Notes on Kites Hardwick
Author/originator: Southam District Local History Group
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: Kites Hardwick in Leamington Hastings
Author/originator: Bond J
Date: 1973
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: Kites Hardwick DMS
Author/originator: Usher, H.
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: TBAS vol 66
Author/originator: Beresford M W
Date: 1945
Page Number: 99
Volume/Sheet: 66
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Word or Phrase
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique Documentary Evidence Documentary evidence is another name for written records. The first written records in Britain date back to the Roman period. Documentary evidence can take many different forms, including maps, charters, letters and written accounts. When archaeologists are researching a site, they often start by looking at documentary evidence to see if there are clues that will help them understand what they might find. Documentary evidence can help archaeologists understand sites that are discovered during an excavation, field survey or aerial survey. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument VILLAGE * A collection of dwelling-houses and other buildings, usually larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town with a simpler organisation and administration than the latter. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument SETTLEMENT * A small concentration of dwellings. back
monument SHRUNKEN VILLAGE * A settlement where previous house sites are now unoccupied, but often visible as earthworks, crop or soil marks. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument ROAD * A way between different places, used by horses, travellers on foot and vehicles. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back
monument HOLLOW WAY * A way, path or road through a cutting. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record