Information for record number MWA3142:
Moat 200m W of Wolston Priory

Summary A moat, a wide ditch usually surrounding a building. It dates to the Medieval period, and was possibly associated with Wolston Priory. It is still visible as earthwork, and is situated 500m northeast of St Margaret' Church, Wolston.
What Is It?  
Type: Moat, Earthwork
Period: Medieval (1066 AD - 1539 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Wolston
District: Rugby, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 41 75
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  
Earthworks of Medieval moated site, possibly associated with Wolston Priory.
1 Wolston Priory is locally ascribed to the moated site at the above grid reference, but there are no surface indications to corroborate this.
2 A roughly oval moated site, the moat still wet, with slight inner bank and various humps within. The moated site may be the location of the original small alien priory.
3 Roughly 80m by 60m, polygonal, without enclosure banks. The moat is about 10m wide and 2m deep. Water stands in the E part of the moat.
5 site scheduled as SAM 117. site is in good order and the management agreement adhered to.
6 Management agreement renewed in 1989 (see FI file)
7 New SAM number 21558. The alien priory was founded between 1086 and 1194 by Hubert Boldran and belonged to the Benedictine abbey of St Pierre-sur-Dive. The remains of the Priory are visible as Earthworks in the eastern and southern parts of the site. In 1394 the alien priory was sold to the Carthusian Priory of St Anne in Coventry in order that the site and its land could be used as a farming venture. The Carthusians were probably responsible for the moated site to the north-west of the alien priory Earthworks, during the late 14th/15th century. The buildings of the Priory were probably demolished at this time. The north-west, south-west and south-east arms of the moat are now dry, and a stream flows along the moat's east arm. The moated island is raised above the surrounding ground surface, there are traces of an internal bank along the edge of the island. In 1539 St Anne's Priory was dissolved and the site became the property of the Wigston family who constructed the house called The Priory, apparently outside the original precinct boundary.

Source No: 8
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Symbols of Status in Medieval Warwickshire (1000-1500)
Author/originator: Hook D
Date: 2014
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 117
Source No: 3
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Moated Sites Research Group
Author/originator: IRM
Date: 1984
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Card
Source No: 6
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Moat near Wolston Priory
Author/originator: English Heritage
Date: 1989
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Record Card/Form
Title: OS Card 29NE1
Author/originator: Ordnance Survey
Date: 1967
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 29NE1
Source No: 5
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Moat near Wolston Priory
Author/originator: Armstrong L
Date: 1985
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Wolston Priory Moated Site
Author/originator: DoE
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: Wolson Priory and Moated site
Author/originator: EH
Date: 1994
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Scheduling record
Title: SAM list
Author/originator: DoE
Date: 1985
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source OS Card Ordnance Survey Record Card. Before the 1970s the Ordnance Survey (OS) were responsible for recording archaeological monuments during mapping exercises. This helped the Ordnance Survey to decide which monuments to publish on maps. During these exercises the details of the monuments were written down on record cards. Copies of some of the cards are kept at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. The responsibility for recording archaeological monuments later passed to the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments. back
source SAM List Scheduled Ancient Monument List. A list or schedule of archaelogical and historic monuments that are considered to be of national importance. The list contains a detailed description of each Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM) and a map showing their location and extent. By being placed on the schedule, SAMs are protected by law from any unauthorised distrubance. The list has been compiled and is maintained by English Heritage. It is updated periodically. back
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
more ->
monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument ALIEN PRIORY * A priory dependent on a foreign mother house. Use with narrow terms of DOUBLE HOUSE, MONASTERY or NUNNERY. back
monument PRECINCT * The ground immediately surrounding a place, particularly a religious building. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument BOUNDARY * The limit to an area as defined on a map or by a marker of some form, eg. BOUNDARY WALL. Use specific type where known. back
monument PRIORY * A monastery governed by a prior or prioress. Use with narrow terms of DOUBLE HOUSE, FRIARY, MONASTERY or NUNNERY. back
monument CHURCH * A building used for public Christian worship. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MOAT * A wide ditch surrounding a building, usually filled with water. Use for moated sites, not defensive moats. Use with relevant site type where known, eg. MANOR HOUSE, GARDEN, etc. back
monument ABBEY * A religious house governed by an abbot or abbess. Use with narrow terms of DOUBLE HOUSE, MONASTERY or NUNNERY. back
monument ENCLOSURE * An area of land enclosed by a boundary ditch, bank, wall, palisade or other similar barrier. Use specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument ISLAND * A piece of land, sometimes man-made, completely surrounded by water. back
monument STREAM * A natural flow or current of water issuing from a source. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record