Information for record number MWA3243:
Poss Site of Roman Tile Kiln 200m E of Spring Lane

Summary Evidence of a possible Roman tile kiln in this area is suggested by the presence of numbers of Roman roof tiles. Excavation has not uncovered the exact location, so it may have been destroyed. The site is to the north of Cherry Orchard.
What Is It?  
Type: Tile Kiln, Kiln
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Kenilworth
District: Warwick, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 29 72
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Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 1965: Excavations undertaken after surface finds of Romano British greyware. The site is on a small peninsula bounded by a railway cutting, 18th century gravel working, and a working clay pit. A 3m length of rough drystone wall was exposed running into the clay pit at one end. The wall was capped with tegulae. In all, about fifty pieces of tegulae were found, all wasters and three stamped with the letters T C M. The finds would seem to indicate the proximity of a 3rd - 4th century tile kiln.
2 1966: Excavation continued. No further significant evidence was found and it is feared that the major features have been lost to brick working.

Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 9 (1966)
Author/originator: CBA Group 8
Date: 1966
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS, no 8, 1965
Author/originator: Gould, J (ed)
Date: 1965
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: 8
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Word or Phrase
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument CLAY PIT * A place from which clay is extracted. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument KILN * A furnace or oven for burning, baking or drying. Use specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument RAILWAY CUTTING * A man-made trough or valley through a hill, carrying at its base a railway. back
monument ORCHARD * An enclosure used for the cultivation of fruit trees. back
monument WALL * An enclosing structure composed of bricks, stones or similar materials, laid in courses. Use specific type where known. back
monument TILE KILN * A structure in which pottery tiles were baked. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record