Information for record number MWA3496:
Excavation of Roman-British features at Manor Farm House

Summary Excavations took place within the Roman Fort at Mancetter. Post holes were recorded suggesting that buildings had stood at this site. Various finds were recovered including pottery and coins. The site was located west of Quarry Lane, Mancetter.
What Is It?  
Type: Fort, Building, Post Hole
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 Parts of two amphorae found during the digging of a post hole. A small excavation was undertaken resulting in the discovery of part of a timber building with a rack for the storage of amphorae in an upright position. Further excavation of the front lawn area produced Medieval features (MWA6423). It was impossible within the area excavated to determine a structural sequence for the Roman phase. Indications are that three or more phases existed. Slots and post holes indicated a number of buildings. Finds included Samian, mortaria, a spearhead, part of a ring, a bead, lorica segmentata and coins of Constantine (330-6 AD), Tiberius (14-37 AD) and a Republican coin (54 BC).
2 The latest Roman levels are represented by a gravel pavement probably 4th century sealing at least four phases of 1st century military structures. Finds include 6 coins (2 silver, 4 bronze), pieces of lorica segmentata, military bronzes, bronze dolphin jug handle, glass face mask from a jug and a few Roman sherds.
3 Interim report for 1977.
4 Interim report for 1978.
5 Site description.
6 Plans.
7 Correspondence.
8 Noted; 1st-century fort; timber structures in interior, possibly 4 phases of occupation.

Source No: 4
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1977
Author/originator: R Goodburn, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1978
Page Number: 403-485
Volume/Sheet: 9
Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Manor Farm House
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 7
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: R.G. Lamb
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: TBAS vol 91
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1981
Page Number: 7, 23
Volume/Sheet: 91
Source No: 6
Source Type: Plan
Title: Plan of Trenches Excavated at Manor Farm House
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1976
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 19
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1976
Page Number: 49
Volume/Sheet: 19
Source No: 3
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMANS no 20
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1977
Page Number: 38
Volume/Sheet: 20
Source No: 8
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Roman Mancetter (notes and site gazetteer)
Author/originator: Scott K?
Date: 1983?
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source TBAS Transactions of the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society is a journal produced by the society annually. It contains articles about archaeological field work that has taken place in Birmingham and Warwickshire in previous years. Copies of the journal are kept by the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMANS West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet, a publication that was produced each year, this later became West Midlands Archaeology. The West Midlands Arcaheological News Sheet contains reports about archaeological work that was carried out in the West Midlands region in the previous year. It includes information about sites dating from the Prehistoric to the Post Medieval periods. It was produced the Department of Extramural Studies at Birmingham University. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument HOUSE * A building for human habitation, especially a dwelling place. Use more specific type where known. back
monument MANOR FARM * A farm on the estate of a manor. back
monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument PAVEMENT * A path or road for pedestrians, laid or beaten in with stones or other materials. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument DOLPHIN * A cluster of piles for mooring a vessel. back
monument TRENCH * An excavation used as a means of concealment, protection or both. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back
monument LAWN * A flat, and usually level area of mown and cultivated grass, attached to a house. back
monument POST HOLE * A hole dug to provide a firm base for an upright post, often with stone packing. Use broader monument type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record