Information for record number MWA3497:
Excavation of West Defences (1980), Mancetter

Summary An excavation revealed three ditches and a possible thorn barrier of Roman date. These features were situated 130m south west of Mancetter Farm.
What Is It?  
Type: Defence, Ditch
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 31 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 1980: A more detailed excavation funded by the Atherstone Archaeological Society was undertaken. An area 36.6 by 6m was excavated by machine. The archaeological features consisted mainly of three ditches and a possible thorn barrier. The pottery recovered includes Samian, which should give the best dating date for this site, c. 50-65AD.
2 Plan.
3 Section.
4 Silver denarius, 12BC, was recovered from one of the ditches.
5 Correspondence.
6 Noted. 1st century fort; confirmed line of W defences.

Source No: 5
Source Type: Bibliographic reference
Title: Bibliographic reference
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Source No: 4
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: RB features, Mancetter
Author/originator: Seaby W A
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Source No: 2
Source Type: Plan
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Source No: 3
Source Type: Section
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1980
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Serial
Title: WMA vol 23
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1980
Page Number: 104
Volume/Sheet: 23
Source No: 6
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Roman Mancetter (notes and site gazetteer)
Author/originator: Scott K?
Date: 1983?
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURE * Use only for features assumed to be archaeological but which cannot be identified more precisely without further investigation .Use more specific term where known back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument DEFENCE * This is the top term for the class. See DEFENCE Class List for narrow terms. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument BARRIER * An obstruction, usually manmade, which is used to restrict or prevent access to a settlement, building or area of land. Use more specific type where known. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record