Information for record number MWA3498:
Excavation of Romano-British Features at Mancetter Farm

Summary Excavation within the Mancetter Fort revealed the remains of a Roman ditch and buildings that may have been Roman barracks. The site was situated west of Quarry Lane, Mancetter.
What Is It?  
Type: Barracks, Pit, Ditch, Building
Period: Romano-British (43 AD - 409 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Mancetter
District: North Warwickshire, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 32 96
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Scheduled Monument (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record

Source Number  

1 1981. Landscaping of the farmyard at Mancetter Farm was preceded by a two-stage excavation. i: A trial area 10m by 10m was excavated to check the survival of Romano British features. ii: A further extension was excavated later. Preservation of Romano British features was generally good, although there was some disturbance. The Romano British features are provisionally of 1st century date and include two parallel military style ditches, foundation slots for three or more buildings, one of which is an end to a barrack block with a urinal-type latrine, a cauldron-type structure made of local diorite stone and several pits containing dating material. Finds included lorica segmentata and bronze fittings, beads, Samian (c. 40-60AD) and raw pigment. Also a Dobunnic coin (MWA5137).
2 Noted.
3 Plan.
4 Correspondence.
5 Three ditches, probably of more than one phase, were excavated on the west side of the fort (WA 3497). The outer ditch contained Samian ware c. 45-65AD.
6 Noted; timber buildings cut by military type ditches.
7 A summary of the 1980 excavations also occurs in the Britannia volume for 1981.

Source No: 7
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1980
Author/originator: F O Grew, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1981
Page Number: 313-396
Volume/Sheet: 12
Source No: 2
Source Type: Article in serial
Title: Britannia: Roman Britain in 1981
Author/originator: N B Rankov, M W C Hassall and R S O Tomlin
Date: 1982
Page Number: 327-422
Volume/Sheet: 13
Source No: 4
Source Type: Correspondence
Title: Mancetter fort
Page Number:
Source No: 1
Source Type: Excavation Report
Title: WMA vol 24
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1981
Page Number: 88-90
Volume/Sheet: 24
Source No: 3
Source Type: Plan
Title: Mancetter
Author/originator: Scott K
Date: 1981
Page Number:
Source No: 6
Source Type: Unpublished document
Title: Roman Mancetter (notes and site gazetteer)
Author/originator: Scott K?
Date: 1983?
Page Number:
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Word or Phrase
none Scheduled Monument Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are those archaeological sites which are legally recognised as being of national importance. They can range in date from prehistoric times to the Cold War period. They can take many different forms, including disused buildings or sites surviving as earthworks or cropmarks.

SAMs are protected by law from unlicensed disturbance and metal detecting. Written consent from the Secretary of State must be obtained before any sort of work can begin, including archaeological work such as geophysical survey or archaeological excavation. There are nearly 200 SAMs in Warwickshire.
source Britannia Britannia, the journal of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies which contains articles about the archaeology of Roman Britain. It is published annually and copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
source WMA West Midlands Archaeology. This publication contains a short description for each of the sites where archaeological work has taken place in the previous year. It covers Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. Some of these descriptions include photographs, plans and drawings of the sites and/or the finds that have been discovered. The publication is produced by the Council For British Archaeology (CBA) West Midlands and is published annually. Copies are held at the Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record. back
technique excavation Archaeologists excavate sites so that they can find information and recover archaeological materials before they are destroyed by erosion, construction or changes in land-use.

Depending on how complicated and widespread the archaeological deposits are, excavation can be done by hand or with heavy machinery. Archaeologists may excavate a site in a number of ways; either by open area excavation, by digging a test pit or a trial trench.
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period Roman About 43 AD to 409 AD (the 1st century AD to the 5th century AD)

The Roman period comes after the Iron Age and before the Saxon period.

The Roman period in Britain began in 43 AD when a Roman commander called Aulus Plautius invaded the south coast, near Kent. There were a series of skirmishes with the native Britons, who were defeated. In the months that followed, more Roman troops arrived and slowly moved westwards and northwards.
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monument SITE * Unclassifiable site with minimal information. Specify site type wherever possible. back
monument BUILDING * A structure with a roof to provide shelter from the weather for occupants or contents. Use specific type where known. back
monument STONE * Use only where stone is natural or where there is no indication of function. back
monument FEATURE * Areas of indeterminate function. back
monument BARRACKS * A building used to house members of the armed forces. back
monument FORT * A permanently occupied position or building designed primarily for defence. back
monument FARMYARD * A yard or enclosure attached to a farmhouse, usually surrounded by other farm buildings. back
monument PIT * A hole or cavity in the ground, either natural or the result of excavation. Use more specific type where known. back
monument DITCH * A long and narrow hollow or trench dug in the ground, often used to carry water though it may be dry for much of the year. back
monument STRUCTURE * A construction of unknown function, either extant or implied by archaeological evidence. If known, use more specific type. back
monument QUARRY * An excavation from which stone for building and other functions, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. back
monument FARM * A tract of land, often including a farmhouse and ancillary buildings, used for the purpose of cultivation and the rearing of livestock, etc. Use more specific type where known. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record