Information for record number MWA3921:
Ridge and Furrow cultivation in Ullenhall Parish

Summary The extent of ridge and furrow cultivation in Ullenhall parish which dates from the Medieval period onwards. In some areas the ridge and furrow survives as an earthwork. In other areas it is visible on aerial photographs.
What Is It?  
Type: Ridge And Furrow
Period: Medieval - Post-Medieval (1066 AD - 1750 AD)
Where Is It?  
Parish: Ullenhall
District: Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire
Grid Reference: SP 10 60
(Data represented on this map shows the current selected record as a single point, this is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent an accurate or complete representation of archaeological sites or features)
Level of Protection National - Old SMR PrefRef (Grade: )
Sites & Monuments Record
Description

 
Source Number  

2 Ridge and furrow cultivation transcribed from air photographs.
 
Sources

Source No: 1
Source Type: Aerial Photograph
Title: SP24NW
Author/originator: RAF
Date: 1947
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: SP24NW
   
Source No: 2
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Welford on Avon
Author/originator: ARI
Date: 1989
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet: Welford on Avon Pari
   
Source No:
Source Type: Aerial Photograph Transcript
Title: Ullenhall parish
Author/originator: ARI
Date:
Page Number:
Volume/Sheet:
   
Images:  
There are no images associated with this record.  
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Glossary

 
Word or Phrase
Description  
technique Earthwork Earthworks can take the form of banks, ditches and mounds. They are usually created for a specific purpose. A bank, for example, might be the remains of a boundary between two or more fields. Some earthworks may be all that remains of a collapsed building, for example, the grassed-over remains of building foundations.

In the winter, when the sun is lower in the sky than during the other seasons, earthworks have larger shadows. From the air, archaeologists are able to see the patterns of the earthworks more easily. Earthworks can sometimes be confusing when viewed at ground level, but from above, the general plan is much clearer.

Archaeologists often carry out an aerial survey or an earthwork survey to help them understand the lumps and bumps they can see on the ground.
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technique Aerial Photograph Aerial photographs are taken during an aerial survey, which involves looking at the ground from above. It is usually easier to see cropmarks and earthworks when they are viewed from above. Aerial photographs help archaeologists to record what they see and to identify new sites. There are two kinds of aerial photographs; oblique and vertical. back
period Medieval 1066 AD to 1539 AD (the 11th century AD to the 16th century AD)

The medieval period comes after the Saxon period and before the post medieval period.

The Medieval period begins in 1066 AD.
This was the year that the Normans, led by William the Conqueror (1066 – 1087), invaded England and defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex.
The Medieval period includes the first half of the Tudor period (1485 – 1603 AD), when the Tudor family reigned in England and eventually in Scotland too.

The end of the Medieval period is marked by Henry VIII’s (1509 – 1547) order for the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the years running up to 1539 AD. The whole of this period is sometimes called the Middle Ages.
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monument RIDGE AND FURROW * A series of long, raised ridges separated by ditches used to prepare the ground for arable cultivation. This was a technique, characteristic of the medieval period. back
monument EARTHWORK * A bank or mound of earth used as a rampart or fortification. back

* Copyright of English Heritage (1999)

English Heritage National Monuments Record